Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Optimization-Based Meta-Learning Model for MRI Reconstruction with Diverse Dataset

Version 1 : Received: 23 September 2021 / Approved: 27 September 2021 / Online: 27 September 2021 (12:54:10 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bian, W.; Chen, Y.; Ye, X.; Zhang, Q. An Optimization-Based Meta-Learning Model for MRI Reconstruction with Diverse Dataset. J. Imaging 2021, 7, 231. Bian, W.; Chen, Y.; Ye, X.; Zhang, Q. An Optimization-Based Meta-Learning Model for MRI Reconstruction with Diverse Dataset. J. Imaging 2021, 7, 231.

Journal reference: J. Imaging 2021, 7, 231
DOI: 10.3390/jimaging7110231

Abstract

(1) Purpose: This work aims at developing a generalizable MRI reconstruction model in the meta-learning framework. The standard benchmarks in meta-learning are challenged by learning on diverse task distributions. The proposed network learns the regularization function in a variational model and reconstructs MR images with various under-sampling ratios or patterns that may or may not be seen in the training data by leveraging a heterogeneous dataset. (2) Methods: We propose an unrolling network induced by learnable optimization algorithms (LOA) for solving our nonconvex nonsmooth variational model for MRI reconstruction. In this model, the learnable regularization function contains a task-invariant common feature encoder and task-specific learner represented by a shallow network. To train the network we split the training data into two parts: training and validation, and introduce a bilevel optimization algorithm. The lower-level optimization trains task-invariant parameters for the feature encoder with fixed parameters of the task-specific learner on the training dataset, and the upper-level optimizes the parameters of the task-specific learner on the validation dataset. (3) Results: The PSNR increases 1.5 dB on average compared to the network trained through conventional supervised learning on the seen CS ratios. We test the result of quick adaption on the unseen tasks after meta-training, the average PSNR arises 1.22 dB compared to the conventional learning procedure that is directly trained on the unseen CS ratios in the meanwhile saving half of the training time. The average PSNR arises 1.87 dB for unseen sampling patterns comparing to conventional learning; (4) Conclusion: We proposed a meta-learning framework consisting of the base network architecture, design of regularization, and bi-level optimization-based training. The network inherits the convergence property of the LOA and interpretation of the variational model. The generalization ability is improved by the designated regularization and bilevel optimization-based training algorithm.

Keywords

MRI reconstruction; Meta-learning; Domain generalization

Subject

ENGINEERING, Other

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