Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Black Holes as Markers of Dimensionality

Version 1 : Received: 20 September 2021 / Approved: 21 September 2021 / Online: 21 September 2021 (14:51:37 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 24 November 2021 / Approved: 25 November 2021 / Online: 25 November 2021 (11:12:36 CET)

How to cite: Łukaszyk, S. Black Holes as Markers of Dimensionality. Preprints 2021, 2021090368. Łukaszyk, S. Black Holes as Markers of Dimensionality. Preprints 2021, 2021090368.


Black hole temperature TBH = TP/2πd as a function of its Planck length real diameter multiplier d is derived from black hole surface gravity and Hawking temperature w.l.o.g. It is conjectured d = 1/2π describes primordial Big Bang singularity as in this case TBH = TP. A black hole interacts with the environment and observable black holes have uniquely defined Delaunay triangulations with a natural number of spherical triangles having Planck areas (bits), where a Planck triangle is active and has gravitational potential of -c2 if all its vertices have black hole gravitational potential of -c2/2 and is inactive otherwise. As temporary distribution of active triangles on an event horizon tends to maximize Shannon entropy a black hole is a fundamental, one-sided thermodynamic equilibrium limit for a dissipative structure. Black hole blackbody radiation, informational capacity fluctuations, and quantum statistics are discussed. On the basis of the latter, wavelength bounds for BE, MB, and FD statistics are derived as a function of the diameter multiplier d. It is shown that black holes feature wave-particle duality only if d ≤ 8π, which also sets the maximum diameter of a totally collapsible black hole. This outlines the program for research of other nature phenomena that emit perfect blackbody radiation, such as neutron stars and white dwarfs.


quantum black holes; entropic gravity; the black hole information paradox; Shannon entropy; Delaunay triangulation; black hole quantum statistics; logistic function/map; exotic ℝ4


Physical Sciences, Mathematical Physics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 25 November 2021
Commenter: Szymon Łukaszyk
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: 1. Introduced complex spacetime dimensionality with imaginarty time n=3+i.
2. Every dissipative structure is bounded by (2+i)-dimensional topological sphere.
3. Black holes are fundamental, one-sided thermodynamic equilibrium limits for dissipative structures.
4. Discretizing mass, wavelength and diameter using multiplieres m, l, d and Planck units to arrive at l=2π/m formula for Compton wavelength.
5. Constraining to 1l arriving at the black hole vawe-particle duality bound d≤8π.
6. Obtaining the same bound d≤8π for a black hole colapse on the basis of black hole emission formula.
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