Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Trends in Emission Inventory of Marine Traffic for Port of Haifa

Version 1 : Received: 14 September 2021 / Approved: 16 September 2021 / Online: 16 September 2021 (13:41:26 CEST)

How to cite: BenHakoun, E.; Van de Voorde, E.; Shiftan, Y. Trends in Emission Inventory of Marine Traffic for Port of Haifa. Preprints 2021, 2021090286 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0286.v1). BenHakoun, E.; Van de Voorde, E.; Shiftan, Y. Trends in Emission Inventory of Marine Traffic for Port of Haifa. Preprints 2021, 2021090286 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0286.v1).

Abstract

This research investigates Haifa ports emissions’ contribution to the existing daily emission inventory level in the area. This research based on developed full bottom-up model framework that looks at the single vessel daily voyage through its port call stages. The main data sources for vessels movements used in this research are the Israel Navy`s movements log and Israel Administration of Shipping and Ports’ (ASP) operational vessel movements and cargo log. The Fuel Consumption (FC) data and Sulfur Content (SC) levels are based on an official Israel ASP survey data. Observation years in this research are 2010 - 2018 with focus on the Ocean-Going Vessels (OGV) type only. The results show that the vessel fleet calling at Israel ports is mainly vessels that have a lower engine Tier grade (i.e., Tier 0 and 1) which is considered a heavy contributor to Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) pollutant. The study recommends on an additional cost charged (selective tariff) to reflect the external social cost linked to the single vessel air pollution combined with supportive technological infrastructure and economic incentive tools (e.g. electric subsidy) to attract or influence vessel owners to assign vessels equipped with new engine Tier grades for calls at Israeli ports.

Keywords

The Daily Port Emission Inventory; Vessel Selective Tariff; Haifa Port Emission Inventory; Ship Selective Tariff

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