Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

UHPLC-Orbitrap-HRMS Identification of 51 Oleraceins (Cyclo-Dopa Amides) in Portulaca oleracea L. Cluster Analysis and MS2 Filtering by Mass Difference

Version 1 : Received: 1 September 2021 / Approved: 2 September 2021 / Online: 2 September 2021 (16:01:52 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Voynikov, Y.; Nedialkov, P.; Gevrenova, R.; Zheleva-Dimitrova, D.; Balabanova, V.; Dimitrov, I. UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS Tentative Identification of 51 Oleraceins (Cyclo-Dopa Amides) in Portulaca oleracea L. Cluster Analysis and MS2 Filtering by Mass Difference. Plants 2021, 10, 1921. Voynikov, Y.; Nedialkov, P.; Gevrenova, R.; Zheleva-Dimitrova, D.; Balabanova, V.; Dimitrov, I. UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS Tentative Identification of 51 Oleraceins (Cyclo-Dopa Amides) in Portulaca oleracea L. Cluster Analysis and MS2 Filtering by Mass Difference. Plants 2021, 10, 1921.

Journal reference: Plants 2021, 10, 1921
DOI: 10.3390/plants10091921

Abstract

Oleraceins are a class of indoline amide glycosides found in Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae), or purslane. These compounds are characterized with 5,6-dihydroxyindoline-2-carboxylic acid N-acylated with cinnamic acid derivatives, and many are glucosylated. Herein, hydromethanolic extracts of the aerial parts of purslane were subjected to UHPLC-Orbitrap-HRMS analysis, conducted in negative ionization mode. Diagnostic ion filtering (DIF), followed by diagnostic difference filtering (DDF), were utilized to automatically filter out MS data and select plausible oleracein structures. After an in-depth MS2 analysis, a total of 51 oleracein compounds were tentatively identified. Of them, 26 had structure matching one of already known oleraceins and the other 25 are new, undescribed in the literature structures, belonging to the oleracein class. Moreover, diagnostic fragment ions were selected, based on which clustering algorithms and visualizations were employed. As we demonstrate, clustering methods can provide valuable insights into the mass fragmentation elucidation of natural compounds in complex mixtures.

Keywords

orbitrap; purslane; oleracein; diagnostic ion; diagnostic difference; clustering methods

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