Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Family Environment Factors in Alcohol and Drug Misuse among Indonesian Students: Indonesia National Narcotics Survey of Students

Version 1 : Received: 26 August 2021 / Approved: 1 September 2021 / Online: 1 September 2021 (14:26:42 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 2 September 2021 / Approved: 3 September 2021 / Online: 3 September 2021 (14:46:44 CEST)

How to cite: Romadlona, N.A.; Utomo, B.; Sucahya, P.K.; Monalisa, M. Family Environment Factors in Alcohol and Drug Misuse among Indonesian Students: Indonesia National Narcotics Survey of Students. Preprints 2021, 2021090020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0020.v2). Romadlona, N.A.; Utomo, B.; Sucahya, P.K.; Monalisa, M. Family Environment Factors in Alcohol and Drug Misuse among Indonesian Students: Indonesia National Narcotics Survey of Students. Preprints 2021, 2021090020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0020.v2).

Abstract

The family environment has an important role in determining children’s personality and behavior. This study examined the impact of the family environment on alcohol and drug misuse among Indonesian students. Data were obtained from the National Illicit Drug Use Survey of students in Indonesia in 2016, conducted in 18 provinces. The subjects were 35,340 students from 1284 schools and universities with an age range of 12-25 years. The survey used the self-administered modified NODC Structured Illicit Drug questionnaire. The results show that 13.7% of students ever drank alcohol and 2.1% of students misused drugs within the previous year. Among students who drank alcohol, 11% also used drugs. In the latter group, they were likely to have been victims of verbal and physical violence by their parents and never discussed any problems with their parents. Living with a family with existing risky behavior (alcohol drinking and/or drug misuse) was the strongest risk factor of alcohol drinking (aOR: 4.78; 4.27-5.37) and drug misuse (aOR: 2.32; 1.79-3.01). These results indicate that the family environment affects these risky behaviors in this target population. Making adjustments through parental support, control, and parenting style, particularly in initiating parent–child communication, may have benefits in preventing alcohol drinking and drug use in this target population.

Keywords

Alcohol drinking; Drug misuse; Family environment; Indonesian students.

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 3 September 2021
Commenter: Nohan Arum Romadlona
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Please check the track changes. The details changes include English editing in almost all content, title, figure revision. 
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