Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Advances and Milestones of Radish Breeding: An Update

Version 1 : Received: 24 August 2021 / Approved: 26 August 2021 / Online: 26 August 2021 (16:46:36 CEST)

How to cite: Kumar, A.; Kaushik, P. Advances and Milestones of Radish Breeding: An Update. Preprints 2021, 2021080514 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0514.v1). Kumar, A.; Kaushik, P. Advances and Milestones of Radish Breeding: An Update. Preprints 2021, 2021080514 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0514.v1).

Abstract

Radish is an annual herbaceous root crop, fruit, and oil crop plant belonging to the Cruciferae family. The important traits for radish breeding include high yield, early maturity, late bolting, pungency, cold-hardiness, drought resistance, heat tolerance, and soil adaptability. For successful radish production, need to the understand nature and behavior of the flower, and very important to identify the S haplotypes of parental lines to produce F1 hybrids based on self-incompatibility to get rid of laborious hand emasculation in radish. In radish some desirable genes are not present within varieties. Therefore, further breeding programmes depend on inter-specific and intra-specific hybridization, which has a vital role in genomic studies and crop improvement by introducing desirable agronomic characters. It is essential to acquire detailed genetic information on chromosomes and information on inheritance. Genomics is now at the core of crop improvement, and radish crop is exploited to study the underlying differences in genotypes. But some monogenic characters are improved by genetic engineering. A three-decade span following the first documented instance of genetic engineering has witnessed its application's unprecedented growth. Researchers have successfully produced transgenic radishes with various agronomic characteristics over the last decade.

Keywords

radish; breeding; interspecific hybridization; molecular breeding; genomics; genetic engineering

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