Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Heat Stress and its Impact on Plant Function: An Update

Version 1 : Received: 24 August 2021 / Approved: 25 August 2021 / Online: 25 August 2021 (11:46:08 CEST)

How to cite: Kumar, A.; Kaushik, P. Heat Stress and its Impact on Plant Function: An Update. Preprints 2021, 2021080489 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0489.v1). Kumar, A.; Kaushik, P. Heat Stress and its Impact on Plant Function: An Update. Preprints 2021, 2021080489 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0489.v1).

Abstract

An astonishing increase in temperature is posing several harmful impacts on crop plants. Heat stress is an abiotic environmental phenomenon that causes limits, inhibits plant growth, metabolism, and productivity worldwide, resulting in losses in production yields. Heat stress is caused by human activities and global warming,s such as greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and water vapour. There are many pieces of evidence to support that heat stress reduces the crop plants yield worldwide, and the effects of heat stress are challenging to meet nutritional security and global food security for human beings. Heat stress has negative impacts on each developmental stage, including from germination to harvesting. Prevalent approaches for heat adaption is inadequate management that is unable either to increase the crop productivity or sustain ld. Several responses to dissect the relevant knowledge about heat stress mechanism involving morphological phenomena, physiological phenomena, reproductive replies, and molecular responses such as heat shock proteins act as mRNA synthesis, mRNA control (effects of genes during heat stress), the translation process, heat response element. There are such phenomena involving disseminating the knowledge concerning heat stress. In this review, we summarise the effect of heat stress on plant mechanisms, including morphological, biochemical and molecular responses.

Keywords

Heat stress; molecular responses; morphological responses; physiological process; reproductive activity

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