Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dynamics of Cyanobacterial Global Metabolom in Response to Light and Temperature Variations

Version 1 : Received: 23 August 2021 / Approved: 25 August 2021 / Online: 25 August 2021 (10:48:20 CEST)

How to cite: Le Moigne, D.; Demay, J.; Reinhardt, A.; Bernard, C.; Kim Tiam, S.; Marie, B. Dynamics of Cyanobacterial Global Metabolom in Response to Light and Temperature Variations. Preprints 2021, 2021080484 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0484.v1). Le Moigne, D.; Demay, J.; Reinhardt, A.; Bernard, C.; Kim Tiam, S.; Marie, B. Dynamics of Cyanobacterial Global Metabolom in Response to Light and Temperature Variations. Preprints 2021, 2021080484 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0484.v1).

Abstract

Cyanobacteria are microorganisms able to adapt to a wide variety of environmental conditions and abiotic stresses. They produce a very large number of metabolites that can participate in the adaptation of cyanobacteria to a large range of resources such as light, temperature, or nutrient. The metabolites variation is one way to understand the physiological status and adaptation of cells. In this study, we aim to understand how the diversity and the dynamics of the whole metabolome is dependent of the growth phases and under control of abiotic factors (e.g. light intensity and temperature). The cyanobacteria Aliinostoc sp. PMC 882.14 was selected for its large number of biosynthetic gene clusters. Metabolomes were analyzed by using mass spectrometry (qTOF-MS/MS) combined with untargeted analysis to investigate the metabolite dynamics. Significant variations were characterized between exponential and stationary phases, whatever the culture conditions (“control”, “higher light”, or “higher temperature”). ”Higher light” and “higher temperature” favored the synthesis of metabolites belonging to the same molecular families. Among highly regulated metabolites, we observe the presence of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), and various variants of somamides, microginins, and microviridins. Through Aliinostoc sp. PMC 882.14, this study shows the importance of knowing the physiological state of cyanobacteria for comparative global metabolomics and questions the regulation processes involve into metabolite families production. Our results also open up new perspectives in the context of the production of targeted bioactive metabolites.

Keywords

cyanobacteria; metabolomics; high-resolution mass spectrometry; secondary metabolite induction; culture conditions

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