Preprint Essay Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Perspective on Sex and Regeneration

Version 1 : Received: 18 August 2021 / Approved: 19 August 2021 / Online: 19 August 2021 (11:27:26 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Reuveni, M. Sex and Regeneration. Biology 2021, 10, 937. Reuveni, M. Sex and Regeneration. Biology 2021, 10, 937.


Regeneration is usually regarded as a unique plant or some animal species process. In reality, regeneration is a ubiquitous process in all multicellular organisms. It ranges from response to wounding by healing the wounded tissue to whole body neoforming (remaking of the new body). In a larger context, regeneration is one facet of two reproduction schemes that dominate the evolution of life. Multicellular organisms can propagate their genes asexually or sexually. Here I present the view that the ability to regenerate tissue or whole-body regeneration is also determined by the sexual state of the multicellular organisms (from simple animals like hydra and planaria to plants and complex animals). The above idea is manifested here by showing evidence that many organisms, organs, or tissues show inhibited or diminished regeneration capacity when in reproductive status compared to the same organism organs or tissues in nonreproductive conditions or by exposure to sex hormones.


Regeneration; asexual propagation; multicellular organisms; wound repair; maturation


Biology and Life Sciences, Plant Sciences

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