Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Crime Prevention Based on the Strategic Mapping of Living Conditions

Version 1 : Received: 16 August 2021 / Approved: 18 August 2021 / Online: 18 August 2021 (14:04:19 CEST)

How to cite: Guldåker, N.; Hallin, P.; Nilvall, K.; Gerell, M. Crime Prevention Based on the Strategic Mapping of Living Conditions. Preprints 2021, 2021080382 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0382.v1). Guldåker, N.; Hallin, P.; Nilvall, K.; Gerell, M. Crime Prevention Based on the Strategic Mapping of Living Conditions. Preprints 2021, 2021080382 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0382.v1).

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretically and methodologically grounded GIS-based model for the measurement and mapping of an index of living conditions in urban residential areas across Sweden. Further, the model is compared and evaluated using the Swedish Police’s assessment of crime-exposed areas. The results indicate that geographically measured vulnerable living conditions overlap to a large extent with the areas assessed to be crime-exposed by the Swedish Police. Over 61% of the police-defined crime-exposed areas are characterized by vulnerable living conditions. The results also show that the overlap is not perfect and that there are vulnerable areas that are not included in the police’s assessment of crime-exposed areas, but which are nonetheless characterized by vulnerable living conditions that could negatively affect the development of crime. It is also proposed that the model and the mapped index of living conditions provide a more well-grounded scientific basis for the police's assessment work. As a first step, the Swedish police have implemented the model and the mapped index in the work process employed in their annual identification of crime-exposed or at-risk areas. In addition to assisting the police, the model and the mapped index could also be used to support other societal actors working with vulnerable areas.

Keywords

living conditions; crime prevention; crime-exposed areas; strategic mapping; GIS; Police

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