Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Combination of Xylan Depolymerizing and Debranching Enzymes Improves Digestion, Growth Performance and Intestinal Volatile Fatty Acid Profile of Piglets

Version 1 : Received: 8 August 2021 / Approved: 9 August 2021 / Online: 9 August 2021 (14:56:56 CEST)

How to cite: Wang, W.; Zheng, D.; Zhang, Z.; Cao, Q.; Ye, H.; Zhang, C.; Dong, Z.; Feng, D.; Zuo, J. Combination of Xylan Depolymerizing and Debranching Enzymes Improves Digestion, Growth Performance and Intestinal Volatile Fatty Acid Profile of Piglets. Preprints 2021, 2021080198 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0198.v1). Wang, W.; Zheng, D.; Zhang, Z.; Cao, Q.; Ye, H.; Zhang, C.; Dong, Z.; Feng, D.; Zuo, J. Combination of Xylan Depolymerizing and Debranching Enzymes Improves Digestion, Growth Performance and Intestinal Volatile Fatty Acid Profile of Piglets. Preprints 2021, 2021080198 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0198.v1).

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of xylan depolymerizing enzyme namely endo-xylanase (Xyn) combined with debranching enzymes namely arabinofuranosidase (Afd) and feruloyl esterase (FE) on digestion, growth performance and intestinal volatile fatty acid profile of piglets. The in vitro experiments were firstly conducted to examine the enzymological properties of Xyn, Afd and FE, the synergy among these enzymes, together with the effect of combination of these enzymes on digestion of piglet diet. The in vivo experiment was then implemented by allocating 270 35-d-old postweaning piglets into 3 treatment groups: control group, Xyn group and (Xyn+Afd+FE) group. Each group had 6 replicates (15 piglets/replicate). The results revealed a satisfying thermostability and pH stability of Xyn, Afd and FE. Combination of Xyn, Afd and FE had a superiority (P < 0.05) over Xyn alone and its combination with Afd or FE in promoting degradation of different bran fibers rich in arabinoxylan (Abx). Treatment with combination of Xyn, Afd and FE had advantages over Xyn alone to induce increasing trends (P < 0.10) of in vitro digestibility of dietary nutrients (dry matter, crude protein, crude ash and gross energy) and piglet growth performance (average daily gain, final body weight and feed efficiency), concurrent with a reduction (P < 0.05) of diarrhea rate and increases (P < 0.05) in cecal acetic acid, butyric acid and total volatile fatty acids concentrations as well as pH value of piglets. Collectively, combination of Xyn, Afd and FE was efficient in benefiting degradation of Abx in brans, as well as improving digestion, growth performance and intestinal volatile fatty acid profile of piglets.

Keywords

depolymerizing enzyme; debranching enzyme; xylanase; arabinofuranosidase; feruloyl esterase; arabinoxylan; digestion; growth performance; volatile fatty acid; piglet

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