Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prediction of Shear Strength of Reinforced Recycled Aggregate Concrete Beams without Stirrups

Version 1 : Received: 4 August 2021 / Approved: 5 August 2021 / Online: 5 August 2021 (09:41:27 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Setkit, M.; Leelatanon, S.; Imjai, T.; Garcia, R.; Limkatanyu, S. Prediction of Shear Strength of Reinforced Recycled Aggregate Concrete Beams without Stirrups. Buildings 2021, 11, 402. Setkit, M.; Leelatanon, S.; Imjai, T.; Garcia, R.; Limkatanyu, S. Prediction of Shear Strength of Reinforced Recycled Aggregate Concrete Beams without Stirrups. Buildings 2021, 11, 402.

Journal reference: Buildings 2021, 11, 402
DOI: 10.3390/buildings11090402

Abstract

The brittle shear failure of reinforced concrete beams is complexed and unfavorable. For decades, research on the mechanical properties and durability of recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) to make recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) has been widely investigated. However, test results on the shear strength of reinforced recycled aggregate concrete beams are still limited and contradictory. This paper reports the shear strength of reinforced recycled aggregate concrete beams without stirrups. Eight RAC beams and two controlled beams with natural coarse aggregate (NCA) were tested under the four-point flexural test with the shear span-to-effective depth ratio (a/d) of 3.10. Parameters in this study were the replacement percentage of RCA (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%) and longitudinal reinforcement ratio (w) of 1.16% and 1.80%. It was found that the normalized shear stresses of RAC beams with w = 1.80% at all levels of replacement percentage were quite similar to that of the NAC counterparts. Normalized shear stress of the beam with 100% RCA and w = 1.16% was lower than that of the NAC beam by 5%. Database of 128 RAC beams without shear reinforcement from literature was analyzed to evaluate the ability of the most recent ACI 318-19 shear provisions in shear strength prediction. A reduction factor of 0.75 is proposed to the current ACI code provision to account for the physical variations of RCA such as replacement percentage, RCA source and quality, density, amount of residual mortar, and physical irregularity.

Keywords

recycled concrete aggregate; construction waste; shear strength; shear provision; design equation

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