Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Power Quality Phenomena, Standards and Metrics for DC Grids

Version 1 : Received: 1 August 2021 / Approved: 2 August 2021 / Online: 2 August 2021 (16:11:02 CEST)

How to cite: Mariscotti, A. Power Quality Phenomena, Standards and Metrics for DC Grids. Preprints 2021, 2021080057 Mariscotti, A. Power Quality Phenomena, Standards and Metrics for DC Grids. Preprints 2021, 2021080057

Abstract

The work addresses the problem of Power Quality (PQ) metrics (or indexes) suitable for DC grids, encompassing Low and Medium Voltage applications, including electric transports, all-electric ships and aircrafts, electric vehicles, distributed generation and microgrids, modern data centers, etc. The two main pillars on which such PQ indexes are discussed and built are: i) the physical justification, so the electric phenomena affecting DC grids and components (PV panels, fuel cells, capacitors, batteries, etc.), causing e.g. stress of materials, ageing, distortion, grid instability; ii) the existing standardization framework, pointing out desirable coverage and extension, similarity with AC grids standards, but also inconsistencies. The first point is made more clear and usable by a graphical overview of the discussed phenomena. On this basis PQ is interpreted beyond the usual low-frequency range, including thus supraharmonics and common-mode disturbance, and filling the gap with the Electromagnetic Compatibility domain. However, phenomena typical of EMC and electrical safety (such as various types of overvoltages and fast transients) are excluded. Suitable PQ indexes are then reviewed, suggesting integrations and modifications, to cover the relevant phenomena and technological progress, and to better follow the normative exigencies.

Keywords

DC grid; Distortion; Electromagnetic compatibility; Inrush; Microgrid; Power Quality; Pulsed power loads; Resonance; Ripple; supraharmonics; Transients

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