Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Telemonitoring of Real-World Health Data in Cardiology: A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 29 July 2021 / Approved: 30 July 2021 / Online: 30 July 2021 (13:22:06 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kinast, B.; Lutz, M.; Schreiweis, B. Telemonitoring of Real-World Health Data in Cardiology: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9070. Kinast, B.; Lutz, M.; Schreiweis, B. Telemonitoring of Real-World Health Data in Cardiology: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9070.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9070
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18179070

Abstract

(1) Background: New sensor technologies in wearables and other consumer health devices open up promising opportunities to collect real-world data. As cardiovascular diseases remain reason number one for disease and mortality worldwide, cardiology offers potent monitoring use-cases with patients in their out-of-hospital daily routine. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to investigate the status quo of studies monitoring patients with cardiovascular risks and patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases in a telemedical setting using not only a smartphone-based app, but also consumer health devices such as wearables and other sensor-based devices. (2) Methods: A literature search was conducted across five databases and the results were examined according to the study protocols, technical approaches and qualitative and quantitative parameters measured. (3) Results: Out of 166 articles, 8 studies were included in this systematic review. These cover interventional and observational monitoring approaches in the area of cardiovascular diseases, heart failure and atrial fibrillation using various app, wearable and health device combination. (4) Conclusions: Depending on the researcher’s motivation a fusion of apps, patient reported outcome measures and non-invasive sensors can be orchestrated in a meaningful way adding major contributions to monitoring concepts for both, individual patients and larger cohorts.

Keywords

telemonitoring; telemedicine; telecardiology; cardiology; wearable; sensors; consumer health devices; cardiovascular disease; heart failure; atrial fibrillation

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