Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Positive Impact of Fibronectin in Stimulation Human Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Attachment Seeded Into Polytetrafluoroethylene Patch for Future Surgical Closure of Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defect

Version 1 : Received: 22 July 2021 / Approved: 23 July 2021 / Online: 23 July 2021 (12:30:21 CEST)

How to cite: Suryawan, I.G.R.; Ratri, A.K.; Andrianto, A.; Ardiana, M.; Nugraha, R.A. Positive Impact of Fibronectin in Stimulation Human Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Attachment Seeded Into Polytetrafluoroethylene Patch for Future Surgical Closure of Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defect. Preprints 2021, 2021070544 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0544.v1). Suryawan, I.G.R.; Ratri, A.K.; Andrianto, A.; Ardiana, M.; Nugraha, R.A. Positive Impact of Fibronectin in Stimulation Human Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Attachment Seeded Into Polytetrafluoroethylene Patch for Future Surgical Closure of Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defect. Preprints 2021, 2021070544 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0544.v1).

Abstract

Background. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) patch is commonly used during surgical closure for atrial septal defect (ASD) and/or ventricular septal defect (VSD). It has several limitations such as inability to grow, repair, and remodel. Aneurysm formation, thrombosis, and the inability of patches to grow or remodel are usual, especially in children and young adults. To tackle these limitations, we try to use fibronectin and human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) in PTFE patch. Objective. To understanding positive impact of fibronectin to enhance hAMSCs cell-to-cell adherence and cell-to-patch surface attachment into PTFE patch for future ASD or VSD closure. Methods. Cultured of hAMSCs cells were fixated with 15 mL methanol and CD90+, CD105+, CD45- antibodies were labeled FITC, rinsed with PBS and analyzed under fluorescence microscope for 15 minutes. Fibronectin solution 0.1% were used to soak patch scaffolds for approximately 2 hours duration, and then dried for 20 minutes for treatment group. As for control group, Fibronectin solution was not added on the culture. The samples were examined with scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results. SEM examination showed incomplete attachment of the cells even after 10 days on control group at 1.14 ±1.13 (Figure 2). In contrast, treatment group showed more cells attached to the patch surface at 31.25 ±13.28 (p 0.000) (Figure 3). Observation at 5 days was 17.67 ± 20.21, at 7 days was 12.11 ± 10.94, at 10 days was 18.83 ± 23.25. No significant statistical difference of mean cell per view among each treatment group (p 0.802). Conclusion. Fibronectin has a positive impact on hAMSCs attachment seeded onto PTFE patch. These properties, in combination with their developmental plasticity, have generated tremendous interest because of the potential use of hAMSCs in regenerative medicine to replace damaged tissues.

Keywords

ASD; fibronectin; hAMSCs; PTFE patch; VSD

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