Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Pan-genome of Novel Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes Reveal Genes Involved in Onion Pathogenicity and Evidence of Lateral Gene Transfer

Version 1 : Received: 17 July 2021 / Approved: 19 July 2021 / Online: 19 July 2021 (10:19:29 CEST)

How to cite: Agarwal, G.; Gitaitis, R.D.; Dutta, B. Pan-genome of Novel Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes Reveal Genes Involved in Onion Pathogenicity and Evidence of Lateral Gene Transfer. Preprints 2021, 2021070400 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0400.v1). Agarwal, G.; Gitaitis, R.D.; Dutta, B. Pan-genome of Novel Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes Reveal Genes Involved in Onion Pathogenicity and Evidence of Lateral Gene Transfer. Preprints 2021, 2021070400 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0400.v1).

Abstract

Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes (Psi) is a causative agent of leafspot of foxtail millet and pearl millet; however, novel strains were recently identified that are pathogenic on onion. Our recent host range evaluation study identified two pathovars; P. stewartii subsp. indologenes pv. cepacicola pv. nov. and P. stewartii subsp. indologenes pv. setariae pv. nov. that are pathogenic on onion and millets or on millets only, respectively. In the current study we developed a pan-genome using the whole genome sequencing of newly identified/classified Psi strains from both pathovars [pv. cepacicola (n= 4) and pv. setariae (n=13)]. The full spectrum of the pan-genome contained 7,030 genes. Among these, 3,546 (present in genomes of all 17 strains) were the core genes that were a subset of 3,682 soft-core genes (present in ≥16 strains). The accessory genome included 1,308 shell genes and 2,040 cloud genes (present in ≤ 2 strains). The pan-genome showed a clear liner progression with >6,000 genes, suggesting the pan-genome of Psi is open. Comparative phylogenetic analysis showed differences in phylogenetic clustering of Pantoea spp. using PAVs/wgMLST approach in comparison to core genome SNP-based phylogeny. Further, we conducted a horizontal gene transfer (HGT) study including four other Pantoea species namely, P. stewartii subsp. stewartii LMG 2715T, P. ananatis LMG 2665T, P. agglomerans LMG L15, and P. allii LMG 24248T. A total of 317 HGT events among four Pantoea species were identified with most gene transfers observed between Psi pv. cepacicola and Psi pv. setariae. Pan-GWAS analysis predicted a total of 154 genes including seven cluster of genes associated with the pathogenicity phenotype on onion. One of the clusters contain 11 genes with known functions and are found to be chromosomally located.

Subject Areas

Pangenome; horizontal gene transfer (HGT); core genome; accessory genome

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