Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection of Harmonic Overvoltage and Resonance in AC Railways using Measured Pantograph Electrical Quantities

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2021 / Approved: 15 July 2021 / Online: 15 July 2021 (09:35:34 CEST)

How to cite: Mariscotti, A.; Sandrolini, L. Detection of Harmonic Overvoltage and Resonance in AC Railways using Measured Pantograph Electrical Quantities. Preprints 2021, 2021070345 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0345.v1). Mariscotti, A.; Sandrolini, L. Detection of Harmonic Overvoltage and Resonance in AC Railways using Measured Pantograph Electrical Quantities. Preprints 2021, 2021070345 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0345.v1).

Abstract

Harmonic resonances are part of the Power Quality (PQ) problems of electrified railways and have serious consequences for the continuity of service and integrity of components in terms of overvoltage stress. The interaction between Traction Power Stations (TPSs) and trains that causes line resonances is briefly reviewed showing the dependence on infrastructure conditions. The objective is real-time monitoring of resonance conditions seen first of all from the onboard panto-graph interface, but it is equally applicable at TPS terminals. Voltage and current spectra, and de-rived impedance and power spectra, are analyzed proposing compact and efficient methods based on Short-Time Fourier Transform, suitable for real-time implementation with the hardware avail-able for energy metering and harmonic interference monitoring. The methods are tested by sweeping long recordings taken at some European railways, covering cases of longer and shorter supply sections, with a range of resonance frequencies of about one decade. They give insight into the spectral behavior of resonances, their dependency on position and change over time, and criteria to recognize genuine infrastructure resonances from rolling stock emissions.

Subject Areas

Electrified railway; Fourier transform; Harmonic resonance; Overvoltage; Power Quality; Traction power supply

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