Preprint Communication Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

First Detection and Co-occurrence of kdr (F1534C and S989P) Mutations in Multiple Insecticides Resistant Aedes aegypti in Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2021 / Approved: 13 July 2021 / Online: 13 July 2021 (11:26:32 CEST)

How to cite: Fagbohun, I.K.; Idowu, E.T.; Oyeniyi, T.A.; Adeogun, A.O.; Adesalu, K.; Nwanya, O.; Okonkwo, F.; Oladosu, Y.; Otubanjo, O. First Detection and Co-occurrence of kdr (F1534C and S989P) Mutations in Multiple Insecticides Resistant Aedes aegypti in Nigeria. Preprints 2021, 2021070302 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0302.v1). Fagbohun, I.K.; Idowu, E.T.; Oyeniyi, T.A.; Adeogun, A.O.; Adesalu, K.; Nwanya, O.; Okonkwo, F.; Oladosu, Y.; Otubanjo, O. First Detection and Co-occurrence of kdr (F1534C and S989P) Mutations in Multiple Insecticides Resistant Aedes aegypti in Nigeria. Preprints 2021, 2021070302 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0302.v1).

Abstract

The outbreak of yellow fever transmitted by Aedes aegypti has been of major concern in Nigeria, this mosquito also transmits several other arboviruses globally. The control of many of the Aedes aegypti borne diseases relies heavily on the use of insecticides. Therefore, constant monitoring of insecticide resistance status and associated mechanisms in crucial within the local population. Here, we determined the resistance profile of adult Aedes aegypti from Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria to different classes of insecticides using WHO procedures. The presence of kdr mutations F1534C, S989P and V1016G were also determined among resistant populations using molecular methods. High level of resistance to DDT and pyrethroid was rec-orded in Aedes aegypti in this study, though possible resistance to deltamethrin was reported in one of the locations. Resistance to bendiocarb was recorded in Majidun community while Aedes aegypti in both locations were susceptible to malathion. The presence of F1534C mutation associated with resistance in Aedes aegypti was detected for the first time in Nigeria, and the presence of S989P mutation was detected singly and in co-occurrence with F1534C for the first time in Africa. The role of these mutations in resistance phenotype expressed in Aedes aegypti in this study area need to established.

Subject Areas

Aedes aegypti; Insecticides resistance; kdr mutations; Nigeria

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