Preprint Review Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Groundwater Resources Management Modelling: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 8 July 2021 / Approved: 9 July 2021 / Online: 9 July 2021 (14:41:13 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 27 October 2021 / Approved: 28 October 2021 / Online: 28 October 2021 (10:01:47 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 23 December 2021 / Approved: 28 December 2021 / Online: 28 December 2021 (12:10:17 CET)

How to cite: Aderemi, B.A.; Olwal, T.O.; Ndambuki, J.M.; Rwanga, S.S. Groundwater Resources Management Modelling: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021070227. Aderemi, B.A.; Olwal, T.O.; Ndambuki, J.M.; Rwanga, S.S. Groundwater Resources Management Modelling: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021070227.


Globally, groundwater is the largest distributed storage of freshwater that plays an important role in an ecosystem’s sustainability in addition to aiding human adaptation to both climatic change and variability. However, groundwater resources are dynamic and often changes as a result of land usage, abstraction as well as variation in climate. Thus, efficient management of groundwater resources to prevent overexploitation, scarcity, and minimising the effects of drought has become a major challenge for researchers as well as water managers. Furthermore, a number of research challenges such as the lack of computational efficiency and scalability due to uncertainties from input parameters to the groundwater resource model have been revealed in the management of groundwater resources. To solve these challenges, many conventional solutions such as numerical techniques have been proffered for groundwater modelling. Also, the use of data-driven techniques such as machine learning is gaining more attraction to solve these aforementioned challenges. Thus, this has made efficient data gathering essential to maintain da-ta-driven groundwater resources management models from the observation site. The global evolution of the Internet of Things (IoTs), has increased the nature of data gathering for the management of groundwater resources. In addition, efficient data-driven groundwater resource management relies hugely on information relating to changes in groundwater resources as well as their availability. Although the IoTs enabled automated data processing systems are in existence by transmitting the generated data from IoT enabled devices into the cloud through the Internet. However, traditional IoT Internet is not scalable and efficient enough to process the generated vast IoT data At the moment, some pieces of the literature revealed the groundwater managers lack an efficient, scalable and real-time groundwater management system to gather the required data. Also, the literature revealed that the existing methods of collecting data lack efficiency to meet computational model requirements and meet management objectives. Thus, it is necessary to have an efficient and scalable IoT system to extract valuable information in real-time for groundwater resource management. Unlike previous surveys which solely focussed on particular groundwater issues related to simulation and optimisation management methods, nonetheless, this paper seeks to highlight the current groundwater management models as well as the IoT contributions


Internet of Things (IoTs); groundwater level; groundwater resource; groundwater management models; groundwater monitoring system; wireless sensor network


Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering

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