Preprint Review Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Review of Groundwater Management Models with a Focus on IoT-Based Systems

Version 1 : Received: 8 July 2021 / Approved: 9 July 2021 / Online: 9 July 2021 (14:41:13 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 27 October 2021 / Approved: 28 October 2021 / Online: 28 October 2021 (10:01:47 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 23 December 2021 / Approved: 28 December 2021 / Online: 28 December 2021 (12:10:17 CET)

How to cite: Aderemi, B.; Olwal, T.O.; Ndambuki, J.M.; Rwanga, S.S. A Review of Groundwater Management Models with a Focus on IoT-Based Systems. Preprints 2021, 2021070227 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0227.v3). Aderemi, B.; Olwal, T.O.; Ndambuki, J.M.; Rwanga, S.S. A Review of Groundwater Management Models with a Focus on IoT-Based Systems. Preprints 2021, 2021070227 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0227.v3).

Abstract

Globally, groundwater is the largest distributed storage of freshwater and plays an important role in an ecosystem’s sustainability in addition to aiding human adaptation to both climatic change and variability. However, groundwater resources are dynamic and often change as a result of land usage, abstraction, as well as variation in climate. To solve these challenges, many conventional solutions, such as certain numerical techniques, have been proffered for groundwater modelling. The global evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT) has enhanced the culture of data gathering for the management of groundwater resources. In addition, efficient data-driven groundwater resource management relies hugely on information relating to changes in groundwater resources as well as their availability. At the moment, some studies in the literature reveal that groundwater managers lack an efficient and real-time groundwater management system that is needed to gather the required data. Additionally, the literature reveals that the existing methods of collecting data lack the required efficiency to meet computational model requirements and meet management objectives. Unlike previous surveys, which solely focussed on particular groundwater issues related to simulation and optimisation management methods, this paper seeks to highlight the current groundwater management models as well as the IoT contributions.

Keywords

Internet of Things (IoT); groundwater level; groundwater resource; groundwater management models; groundwater monitoring system; wireless sensor network

Subject

ENGINEERING, Other

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 28 December 2021
Commenter: Banjo Aderemi
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: -
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