Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Listening Music in Reducing Anxiety for Regional Anesthesia Cases

Version 1 : Received: 4 July 2021 / Approved: 6 July 2021 / Online: 6 July 2021 (08:15:16 CEST)

How to cite: Hamid, M.R.B.A.; Mansor, M.B.; Bin Zainalabdin, M.F. Listening Music in Reducing Anxiety for Regional Anesthesia Cases. Preprints 2021, 2021070124 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0124.v1). Hamid, M.R.B.A.; Mansor, M.B.; Bin Zainalabdin, M.F. Listening Music in Reducing Anxiety for Regional Anesthesia Cases. Preprints 2021, 2021070124 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0124.v1).

Abstract

In this study, the effects of music therapy on anxiety for patients undergoing regional anaesthesia in an operating room was succinctly investigated. This investigation was largely based on the adapted Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS) and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), of patients undergoing regional anaesthesia in an operating room. A randomized control trial was performed on 90 patients due for surgery. The selected patients for regional anaesthesia were allocated to either the music therapy group who listened to music using headphones for the entire surgery or the no-treatment control group. Based on the findings, it has been conclusively demonstrated that music can decrease the patient's anxiety level. According to the socio-demographic evaluation, elderly patients have the highest stress hormones levels when compared to young patients. Although elderly patients are more likely to choose religious songs to help them relax, cortisol analysis revealed an increase in cortisol levels among the elderly compared with younger patients. As a result, music is especially important to be delivered to elderly patients. Nonetheless, there is no restriction against administering music to elderly patients because evidence from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) has shown that music helps to shift their attention away from pain and complications and makes them feel tranquil. Similarly, the HADS and modified Spielberger STAI (STAI-S) analyses demonstrate a substantial outcome for both groups, with respondents responding positively. The study found that listening to music during regional anaesthesia might help people feel less worried.

Keywords

Anesthesia; Anxiety; Regional anaesthesia; Music Therapy

Comments (2)

Comment 1
Received: 6 July 2021
Commenter: Norlina Ramli
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Very interesting article on the use of music therapy in patients. Use of the HADS scale is simple to apply to most patients to detect anxiety. What type music was actually played?
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Response 1 to Comment 1
Received: 8 July 2021
Commenter: MOHD RAHMAT BIN ABDUL HAMID
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: author for the paper.
Comment: Thank a lot for the comment.

The types of songs apply to the respondents are pop rock, slow rock, religious, nature and jazz. The selection of song based on the highest demand 23 million over 27 million requested of song among people in Malaysia.

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