Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Declared Reasons for Cessation Breastfeeding During the First Year of Life: Multidisciplinary Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain

Version 1 : Received: 1 July 2021 / Approved: 5 July 2021 / Online: 5 July 2021 (16:00:23 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lechosa-Muñiz, C.; Paz-Zulueta, M.; Cayón-De las Cuevas, J.; Llorca, J.; Cabero-Pérez, M.J. Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8414. Lechosa-Muñiz, C.; Paz-Zulueta, M.; Cayón-De las Cuevas, J.; Llorca, J.; Cabero-Pérez, M.J. Declared Reasons for Cessation of Breastfeeding during the First Year of Life: An Analysis Based on a Cohort Study in Northern Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8414.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8414
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18168414

Abstract

Background: It is clear that breastfeeding is the gold standard of infant feeding because of the many advantages it offers to both the child and the mother. Objective: to identity the main reasons for cessation breastfeeding declares by the mother themselves during the first year. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted, recruiting 969 newborns in a third level hospital in Spain. The main maternal variables studied were: maternal age, parity, educational level, work occupation, smoking habit, gestational age, birth, weigh, feeding type, and duration of breastfeeding. All the participants were followed for a year to determinate the duration of breastfeeding and to know the reason of the abandonment. Results: At 6 months, the percentage of maternal lactation was cut in half and only 24.6% of these mothers maintain. Mainly 15.80% of the mothers decide to give up the exclusive maternal lactation of their own free desire, and 15.41% because they suspect hypogalactia. The work cause is the third reason of abandonment in both cases. Conclusions: Our results show the need to improve the health policies of promotion, protection and support the initiation of breastfeeding. In particular, our results show the importance of the work factor with particular emphasis on improving conciliation measures.

Keywords

Breastfeeding; Evidence-based Nursing; Health Promotion; Women's Health; Newborn.

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