Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Green Deal, National Energy and Climate Plans in Europe: Member States’ Compliance and Strategies

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2021 / Approved: 1 July 2021 / Online: 1 July 2021 (10:53:10 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 16 July 2021 / Approved: 16 July 2021 / Online: 16 July 2021 (16:39:03 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Maris, G.; Flouros, F. The Green Deal, National Energy and Climate Plans in Europe: Member States’ Compliance and Strategies. Adm. Sci. 2021, 11, 75. Maris, G.; Flouros, F. The Green Deal, National Energy and Climate Plans in Europe: Member States’ Compliance and Strategies. Adm. Sci. 2021, 11, 75.

Journal reference: Adm. Sci. 2021, 11, 75
DOI: 10.3390/admsci11030075

Abstract

This paper analyses the EU’s policies for energy and climate, using Börzel's (2002) theoretical framework on Europeanisation, and examines member states’ Green Deal responses, strategies, and compliance. As expressed in their final NECPs, although member states’ responses vary, most of the critical components were partially addressed, while the others were largely addressed. We observe a considerable variation in Member State’s strategies. Member States classified as foot-dragging beforehand are fence-sitting now, while those previously categorised as fence-sitting are now either foot-dragging or pace-setting. The root cause of these classification changes for the member states within the EU can be traced back to their internal environments in which the involved stakeholders each have a different response pace regarding environment, climate, and energy. We present and analyse our theoretical context, discuss the EU’s energy policies and the NECPs, examine member states’ responses and compliance with this new framework, and propose several challenges.

Subject Areas

European Union; Energy; Environment; Compliance; Green Deal; NECP; Strategy

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 16 July 2021
Commenter: Georgios Maris
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: This is a version after the peer-review process
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