Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Fluid-Structure Interaction in Coronary Stents: a Discrete Multiphysics Approach

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2021 / Approved: 30 June 2021 / Online: 30 June 2021 (11:55:59 CEST)

How to cite: Mohammed, A.M.; Ariane, M.; Alexiadis, A. Fluid-Structure Interaction in Coronary Stents: a Discrete Multiphysics Approach. Preprints 2021, 2021060733 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0733.v1). Mohammed, A.M.; Ariane, M.; Alexiadis, A. Fluid-Structure Interaction in Coronary Stents: a Discrete Multiphysics Approach. Preprints 2021, 2021060733 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0733.v1).

Abstract

Stenting is a common method for treating atherosclerosis. A metal or polymer stent is deployed to open the stenosed artery or vein. After the stent is deployed, the blood flow dynamics influence the mechanics by compressing and expanding the structure. If the stent does not respond properly to the resulting stress, vascular wall injury or re-stenosis can occur. In this work, Discrete Multiphysics is used to study the mechanical deformation of the coronary stent and its relationship with the blood flow dynamics. The major parameters responsible for deforming the stent are sort in terms of dimensionless numbers and a relationship between the elastic forces in the stent and pressure forces in the fluid is established. The blood flow and the stiffness of the stent material contribute significantly to the stent deformation and affect the rate of deformation. The stress distribution in the stent is not uniform with the higher stresses occurring at the nodes of the structure.

Subject Areas

Discrete multiphysics; smooth particle hydrodynamics; Lattice Spring Model; Fluid-structure interaction; particle-based method; Coronary stent; Atherosclerosis

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