Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Time-Dependent Unitary Transformation Method in the Strong-Field-Ionization Regime With the Kramers-Henneberger Picture

Version 1 : Received: 25 June 2021 / Approved: 28 June 2021 / Online: 28 June 2021 (15:27:34 CEST)

How to cite: Mun, J.H.; Sakai, H.; Kim, D.E. Time-Dependent Unitary Transformation Method in the Strong-Field-Ionization Regime With the Kramers-Henneberger Picture. Preprints 2021, 2021060678 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0678.v1). Mun, J.H.; Sakai, H.; Kim, D.E. Time-Dependent Unitary Transformation Method in the Strong-Field-Ionization Regime With the Kramers-Henneberger Picture. Preprints 2021, 2021060678 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0678.v1).

Abstract

Time evolution operators of a strongly ionizing medium are calculated by a time-dependent unitary transformation (TDUT) method. The TDUT method has been employed in quantum mechanical system composed of discrete states. This method is especially helpful for solving molecular rotational dynamics in quasi-adiabatic regimes because the strict unitary nature of the propagation operator allows us to set the temporal step size large; a tight limitation on the temporal step size ($\delta t <<1$) can be circumvented by the strict unitary nature. On the other hand, in a strongly ionizing system where the Hamiltonian is not Hermitian, the same approach cannot be directly applied because it is demanding to define a set of field-dressed eigenstates. In this study, the TDUT method was applied to the ionizing regime using the Kramers-Henneberger frame, in which the strong-field-dressed discrete eigenstates are given by the field-free discrete eigenstates in a moving frame. Although the present work verifies the method for a one-dimensional atom as a prototype, the method can be applied to three-dimensional atoms, and molecules exposed to strong laser fields.

Subject Areas

Time-dependent Schrödinger equation; Numerical method; Laser-matter interaction; Kramers-Henneberger; Time-dependent unitary transformation

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