Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Safety Leadership and Safety Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour (KAB) in Malaysia’s Manufacturing SMEs: A Higher Order Two-Stage Approach of PLS-SEM

Version 1 : Received: 20 June 2021 / Approved: 22 June 2021 / Online: 22 June 2021 (07:38:15 CEST)

How to cite: Zulkifly, S.S.; Baharudin, M.R.; Hasan, N.H. Safety Leadership and Safety Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour (KAB) in Malaysia’s Manufacturing SMEs: A Higher Order Two-Stage Approach of PLS-SEM. Preprints 2021, 2021060527 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0527.v1). Zulkifly, S.S.; Baharudin, M.R.; Hasan, N.H. Safety Leadership and Safety Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour (KAB) in Malaysia’s Manufacturing SMEs: A Higher Order Two-Stage Approach of PLS-SEM. Preprints 2021, 2021060527 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0527.v1).

Abstract

.Most of the accident cases at work are caused by unsafe behaviour. Scholars have thus extensively researched factors of safe behavior.Safety leadership is stated as the most effective factor in safety behaviour. Besides, safety knowledge and safety attitudes are also found to influence safety behaviour. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nature of the relationship between safety leadership, safety knowledge, safety attitude, and safety behavior, which has been found to be limited or rare in previous research.A self-administered questionnaire was applied and was distributed randomly to 140 SME manufacturing workers and they were analysed using the structural equation modelling partial least squares (PLS-SEM). The results prove that safety leadership has a significant effect on safety knowledge, safety attitude, and safety behaviour, with safety knowledge and safety attitude mediating the safety leadership-safety behaviour relationship. Consequently, the results provide a more in-depth view of the relationship between safety leadership and safety knowledge-attitude-behaviour via adapting social-cognitive theory and social learning theory in solving safety issues in SME. This study also provides a starting point for researchers to better understand how effective safety leadership is provided by supervisors in terms of improving worker safety and safety knowledge-attitude-behaviour.

Subject Areas

safety knowledge; safety attitude; safety behaviour; SME; Malaysia; manufacturing; PLS-SEM

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