Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Association of Adherence to Moringa, Plantains, Moringa-Plantain Combined Diets, and Other Plant-Based Dietary Patterns With Glycemic Control Among Persons With T2DM, a Hospital Based Cross Sectional Survey in Ghana

Version 1 : Received: 12 June 2021 / Approved: 15 June 2021 / Online: 15 June 2021 (11:40:02 CEST)

How to cite: Doglikuu, B.D.; Abubakari, A.; Yaseri, M.; Shakibazadeh, E.; Djazayery, A.; Mirzaei, K. The Association of Adherence to Moringa, Plantains, Moringa-Plantain Combined Diets, and Other Plant-Based Dietary Patterns With Glycemic Control Among Persons With T2DM, a Hospital Based Cross Sectional Survey in Ghana. Preprints 2021, 2021060399 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0399.v1). Doglikuu, B.D.; Abubakari, A.; Yaseri, M.; Shakibazadeh, E.; Djazayery, A.; Mirzaei, K. The Association of Adherence to Moringa, Plantains, Moringa-Plantain Combined Diets, and Other Plant-Based Dietary Patterns With Glycemic Control Among Persons With T2DM, a Hospital Based Cross Sectional Survey in Ghana. Preprints 2021, 2021060399 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0399.v1).

Abstract

Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk-factor for cardiovascular diseases. Plant-based dietary-patterns have been shown to positively impact the effects this cardiovascular risk-factor. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of adherence to moringa, plantains, moringa-plantain combined, and other plant based dietary-patterns with glycemic-control among persons with type-2-diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Facility-based cross-sectional-study was conducted among 530 T2DM patients in Ghana. Structured-questionnaires were used to collect demographic, anthropometric, and clinical variables. Adherence to plant-based dietary-patterns were assessed with 24-hour dietary-recall questionnaire. SPSS version-22 was used in data analysis. BMI, HbA1c%, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly correlated with adherence to plant-based dietary-patterns (p-value < 0.05). After adjusting for confounders, adherence to: Plantain diets, standardized regression coefficient β (95%CI): -0.098 (-0.321, -0.022), Yam, β (95%CI): 0.148 (0.066, 0.496), Moringa diets β (95%CI): -0.095 (-0.325,-0.011) and Bean-diets β (95%CI): -0.112 (-0.577-.007) were significantly associated with glycemic control. Also adherence to: Plantain-moriga combined diets β (95%CI): -0.406 (-0.413, -0.049) and Plantain-beans combined diets β (95%CI): -0.128 (-0.188, -0.038) were significantly associated with glycemic control. Adherence to Plantain, Yam, Beans, Plantain-moriga combined diets, and Plantain-beans combined diets could be associated with glycemic control. Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Adherence, Moringa, Plantain, Glycemic control, Ghana.

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, Adherence, Moringa, Plantain, Glycemic control, Ghana

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