Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Treatment Adherence Status of the TB Patients Notified from Private Sector and its Associated Factors: Findings of a Secondary Data Analysis from West Bengal, India

Version 1 : Received: 11 June 2021 / Approved: 14 June 2021 / Online: 14 June 2021 (11:45:29 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijtb.2021.06.001

Abstract

Objective: In India, yearly, estimated one million TB cases are missing from notification, mostly from private sector. The large number of patients in private sector has raised concerns for suboptimal quality of care. This study was conducted to find out the treatment adherence status among the private TB patients and factors associated with poor adherence.Data Source: Secondary project data, obtained through adherence monitoring house visit by NGO workers. Data collected by reviewing different records available with the patients & data was entered into the CommCare HQ, an open-source mobile platform designed for data collection.Methods: Descriptive observational study.Results: Default rate among private patients was 5%. Commonest reasons stated for being a defaulter were ‘Medicine is not good’ (30%), ‘Travel’ (28.6%), ‘Cost of treatment’ (21.8%) and ‘Side effects’ (11.6%). Despite best of efforts only 36.9% defaulter could be retrieved. Higher default rate was associated with 15-59 years age, males, earning member of the family, addiction, DR-TB, continuation phase of treatment, previous history of TB, presence of symptoms and inability to walk.Conclusion: Privately treated TB patients are vulnerable to non-adherence. Once defaulted, it is difficult to retrieve them. Economically productive age group is at higher risk of being defaulter. Strict adherence monitoring for private TB patients and extensive advocacy communication & social mobilization program in the community, workplaces and institutions is a need of hour.

Keywords

TB; Treatment Adherence; Private Sector; Defaulter; LTFU; THALI

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