Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Myofibril and Mitochondrial Area Changes in Type I and II Fibers Following 10 Weeks of Resistance Training in Previously Untrained Men

Version 1 : Received: 10 June 2021 / Approved: 14 June 2021 / Online: 14 June 2021 (10:36:45 CEST)

How to cite: Ruple, B.A.; Godwin, J.S.; Mesquita, P.H.C.; Osburn, S.C.; Sexton, C.L.; Smith, M.A.; Ogletree, J.C.; Goodlett, M.D.; Edison, J.L.; Ferrando, A.A.; Frugé, A.D.; Kavazis, A.N.; Young, K.C.; Roberts, M.D. Myofibril and Mitochondrial Area Changes in Type I and II Fibers Following 10 Weeks of Resistance Training in Previously Untrained Men. Preprints 2021, 2021060349 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0349.v1). Ruple, B.A.; Godwin, J.S.; Mesquita, P.H.C.; Osburn, S.C.; Sexton, C.L.; Smith, M.A.; Ogletree, J.C.; Goodlett, M.D.; Edison, J.L.; Ferrando, A.A.; Frugé, A.D.; Kavazis, A.N.; Young, K.C.; Roberts, M.D. Myofibril and Mitochondrial Area Changes in Type I and II Fibers Following 10 Weeks of Resistance Training in Previously Untrained Men. Preprints 2021, 2021060349 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0349.v1).

Abstract

Resistance training increases myofiber hypertrophy, but the morphological adaptations that occur within myofibers remain largely unresolved. Fifteen males with minimal training experience (24±4 years, 17.9±1.4 kg/m2 lean body mass index) performed 10 weeks of conventional, full-body resistance training (2x weekly). Body composition, the radiological density of the vastus lateralis muscle using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), and vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were obtained one week prior to and 72 hours following the last training bout. Fiber typing and the quantification of myofibril and mitochondrial areas per fiber were performed using histology/immunohistochemistry (IHC) techniques. Relative myosin heavy chain and actin protein abundances per wet muscle weight as well as citrate synthase (CS) activity assays were also obtained on tissue lysates. Training increased whole-body lean mass, mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area, various strength metrics, and mean and type II fiber cross sectional areas (fCSA) (p<0.05). Myofibril areas in type I or II fibers were not altered with training, suggesting a proportional expansion with fCSA increases. Relative myosin heavy chain and actin protein abundances also did not change with training. IHC indicated training increased mitochondrial areas in both fiber types (p=0.018). However, CS activity levels remained unaltered with training. Interestingly, although pQCT-derived muscle density increased with training (p=0.036), suggestive of myofibril packing, a positive association existed between training-induced changes in this metric and changes in type I+II myofibril areas (r=0.600, p=0.018). Shorter-term resistance training seemingly involves a proportional expansion of myofibrils and an accelerated expansion of mitochondria in type I and II fibers. Additionally, histological and biochemical techniques should be viewed independently from one another given the lack of agreement between the variables assessed herein. Finally, the pQCT may be a viable tool to non-invasively track morphological changes in muscle tissue.

Subject Areas

myofibrils; mitochondria; resistance training

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