Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluating the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Smart Management Systems for Cooling and Heating Systems in Building: Case study of Office Building in Tehran

Version 1 : Received: 24 May 2021 / Approved: 25 May 2021 / Online: 25 May 2021 (14:19:32 CEST)

How to cite: Heravi, G.; Rostami, M.; Shekari, M. Evaluating the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Smart Management Systems for Cooling and Heating Systems in Building: Case study of Office Building in Tehran. Preprints 2021, 2021050615 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0615.v1). Heravi, G.; Rostami, M.; Shekari, M. Evaluating the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Smart Management Systems for Cooling and Heating Systems in Building: Case study of Office Building in Tehran. Preprints 2021, 2021050615 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0615.v1).

Abstract

Considering the increasing rate of energy consumption and its environmental detrimental effects, as well as considering the use of non-renewable energy sources such as fossil fuels, energy management issues have become more important. Given the 40% share of the building industry's total energy consumption, as well as the 80% share of energy consumed during the operation period, attention to the areas of energy management and optimization during the operation period of the buildings can have a major impact on buildings’ energy performance. In this research, through identifying building energy management tools and studying previous studies and assessing the effects of building energy management systems, the economic and environmental impacts of using building energy management systems on the annual energy consumption in an office building in Tehran as a case study has been investigated. The results indicate a 32 percent reduction in energy consumption and a significant reduction in the release of the environmental pollutants in smart mode compared to the base mode. Moreover, considering the social costs associated with the emitted pollutants as well as the return period, it has been attempted to identify the factors contributing to the economic justification of using smart heating and cooling systems. According to the results, the use of smart energy management systems can be considered as an effective step in optimizing and managing energy consumption in the construction sector.

Subject Areas

Building management system; Smart building; Energy consumption management; Demand response management; Energy consumption optimization

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