Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Novel Approach to Understanding the Conscious Self, Will, Behavior, and Psychopathology and Its Treatment

Version 1 : Received: 24 May 2021 / Approved: 25 May 2021 / Online: 25 May 2021 (08:44:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Schiffer, F. A Dual Mind Approach to Understanding the Conscious Self and Its Treatment. NeuroSci 2021, 2, 224-234. Schiffer, F. A Dual Mind Approach to Understanding the Conscious Self and Its Treatment. NeuroSci 2021, 2, 224-234.


In this paper I will address Dr. Sonne’s questions about will, agency, choice, consciousness, relevant brain regions, impacts of disorders and their therapeutics, and I will do this by referring to my theory, Dual-brain Psychology, which posits that within most of us there exist two mental agencies with different experiences, wills, choices, and behaviors. Each of these agencies is associated as a trait with one brain hemisphere (either left or right) and its composite regions. One of these agencies is more adversely affected by past traumas and is more immature and more symptomatic while the other is more mature and healthier. The theory has extensive experimental support through 17 peer-reviewed publications with clinical and non-clinical research. I will discuss how this theory relates to the questions that Dr. Sonne presented and will discuss also my published theory on the physical nature of subjective experience and its relation to the brain and how that theory interacts with DBP, and how the 2 theories relate to subjective experience, will, behavior, psychopathology and its treatment.


consciousness 1; subjective experience 2; will 3; agency 4; self 5; psychopathology 6; treatment 7; transcranial near infrared light 8; biophotomodulation 9


Biology and Life Sciences, Biophysics

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