Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Full-Field Measurements in the Edge Crush Test of a Corrugated Board – Analytical and Numerical Predictive Models

Version 1 : Received: 17 May 2021 / Approved: 17 May 2021 / Online: 17 May 2021 (13:27:32 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Garbowski, T.; Grabski, J.K.; Marek, A. Full-Field Measurements in the Edge Crush Test of a Corrugated Board—Analytical and Numerical Predictive Models. Materials 2021, 14, 2840. Garbowski, T.; Grabski, J.K.; Marek, A. Full-Field Measurements in the Edge Crush Test of a Corrugated Board—Analytical and Numerical Predictive Models. Materials 2021, 14, 2840.

Journal reference: Materials 2021, 14, 2840
DOI: 10.3390/ma14112840

Abstract

The article focuses on derivation of simplified predictive models for identification of overall compressive stiffness and strength of corrugated cardboards. As a representative example an unsymmetrical 5-ply sample (with E and B flute) was used in this study. In order to exclude unreliable displacement measurement in the standard edge crush test, the virtual strain gauges are used. Video extensometry is employed here to collect measurements from the outer surfaces of the sample on both sides. Additional data allows for obtaining real force-displacement curves, which are used in the validation procedure. To emulate the experimental results, beside simple analytical model, also a 3D numerical model fully reflecting the geometry of the corrugated board, based on finite elements method was also built. In both cases a good agreement between the experimental results and the analytical and numerical calculations was observed. This proves that the proposed analytical model can be successfully used to determine the overall stiffness and compressive strength of the corrugated board, provided that the geometry and properties of all the layers of the board are known. The simple model presented in this work enables quick and reliable design and prototyping of new assemblies without the need to manufacture them.

Subject Areas

corrugated cardboard; edge crush test; orthotropic elasticity; digital image correlation

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