Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Performance Comparison of Geo-Referencing a Radar Using Prism Method With Global Positioning System

Version 1 : Received: 11 May 2021 / Approved: 12 May 2021 / Online: 12 May 2021 (17:54:12 CEST)

How to cite: Mabotha, E.; Mabunda, N. Performance Comparison of Geo-Referencing a Radar Using Prism Method With Global Positioning System. Preprints 2021, 2021050276 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0276.v1). Mabotha, E.; Mabunda, N. Performance Comparison of Geo-Referencing a Radar Using Prism Method With Global Positioning System. Preprints 2021, 2021050276 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0276.v1).

Abstract

Monitoring of the surface operations using movement and surveying radar (MSR) can prevent loss of life, equipment, production and loss of the mine. Slope monitoring using MSR is an important aspect of open-pit mining as it provides real-time movement of deformation data for the slope. It is therefore important that the radar is accurately geo-referenced in order to provide accurate real-time movement data. Geo-referencing is defined as the process of determining an instrument’s position (in the form of Easting, Northing, Height) as well as the orientation with respect to the mine’s local coordinate system. This helps in getting geo-referenced data points from the radar that are identified by a unique set of coordinates in relation to the mine’s coordinate system which allows the radar to track movement for a specific set of coordinates. In this research, we assess the performance of geo-referencing a radar using the total station method and compare it with the integration of Advance Navigation – Spatial Dual GPS system connected via RS422 on the MSR. This includes usage of the Spatial Dual navigation coordinates output to calculate the radar’s position relative to the mine local coordinates and mapping the radar’s azimuth, elevation and Range (Az, El and Rl) values to the measured pit-slope data points. Furthermore, a comparison of key attributes of both methods of geo-referencing is performed using a matrix system and giving an overall performance appraisal of both systems. Integrating a navigation system allows the radar to have an auto geo-referencing functionality that will reduce the time spent in completing this process. The findings reveal that the GPS obtained a higher score than the total station with prism method on the weighted matrix system. The total station was found to be more accurate than the GPS however, the deployment time for the GPS is quicker than that of the total station. This is important for different operation such as strip and open-pit mining to choose the preferred method of geo-referencing depending on the level of accuracy required.

Subject Areas

Geo-referencing; Surveying radar; Mining; Global positioning system; Slope Monitoring

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