Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Curved Space: Theory of Everything

Version 1 : Received: 9 May 2021 / Approved: 10 May 2021 / Online: 10 May 2021 (14:18:15 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 28 July 2021 / Approved: 29 July 2021 / Online: 29 July 2021 (11:15:23 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 20 February 2022 / Approved: 23 February 2022 / Online: 23 February 2022 (09:12:10 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 29 April 2023 / Approved: 30 April 2023 / Online: 30 April 2023 (04:28:01 CEST)
Version 5 : Received: 27 June 2023 / Approved: 28 June 2023 / Online: 28 June 2023 (16:11:40 CEST)
Version 6 : Received: 9 July 2023 / Approved: 10 July 2023 / Online: 10 July 2023 (10:05:06 CEST)
Version 7 : Received: 25 September 2023 / Approved: 26 September 2023 / Online: 27 September 2023 (03:06:32 CEST)

How to cite: Chen, S. Curved Space: Theory of Everything. Preprints 2021, 2021050197 Chen, S. Curved Space: Theory of Everything. Preprints 2021, 2021050197


Matter and energy are both made from curved space, the flow of space creates gravitation, and the increase of space causes the expansion of the universe. Matter curves in two different directions of one dimension creates two types of electric charges: positive and negative. Matter curves in three different dimensions creates three values or charges of quark's color: red, green, and blue. The equivalent equation of space: S=Ec2=mc4. The gravitation of hollow sphere space: Sμν=4πGm=(4/3)π((r+a)3-r3).


space gravitation


Physical Sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics

Comments (3)

Comment 1
Received: 29 July 2021
Commenter: S Chen
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Corrected the relativistic mass and the rest mass.
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Comment 2
Received: 11 August 2021
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The gravitational force between a star and a planet doesn’t equal the gravitational force between the black hole of the star and the same planet. So, the assumption that the gravitational constant is not a constant is obviously a flaw. The star just loses its mass partially while turning into a black hole.
Also, the author mentions the speed of light in units of acceleration while comparing with a value of an acceleration. I think the assumptions of this article should be revised.
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Response 1 to Comment 2
Received: 13 August 2021
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Why are they not the same gravitational force? The same star, only the time is different. You can't say that this star obeys the Newton's law of universal gravitation today, and it doesn't need to obey the law tomorrow.
According to Wikipedia, "There are four fundamental interactions known to exist: the gravitational and electromagnetic interactions, and the strong and weak interactions." ( The author only sees one kind of the gravitational interaction, not two kinds of "the two gravitational interactions of the star and the black hole." Since there is only one kind of the gravitational interaction, then F1 less than F2 is accurate, so the constant is a flaw.
"The star just loses its mass partially" proves that "The star loses its mass".
Yes, it is problematic to assume that the Newton's gravitational acceleration reaches the speed of light, but the author also said "which is obviously wrong." The author makes this assumption is to point out the problems with the Newton's law of universal gravitation.

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