Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Social and Behavioral Rhythms as a Marker of Well-being Indicator in Old Adults Living at Home

Version 1 : Received: 30 April 2021 / Approved: 6 May 2021 / Online: 6 May 2021 (14:27:34 CEST)

How to cite: Carta, M.G.; Pintus, E.; Zaccheddu, R.; Callia, O.; Conti, G.; Gonzalez, C.I.A.; Minerba, L.; Demontis, R.; Pau, M.; Cocco, E.; Penna, M.P.; Kalcev, G.; Lorrai, S.; Velluzzi, F.; Lovoselli, A.; Monticone, M.; Massidda, M.V.; Pinna, M.R.; Lorrai, S.; Cauli, A.; Scano, A.; Orrù, G.; Crisafulli, A.; Cosentino, S.; Machado, S.; Fortin, D.; Migliaccio, G.M.; Finco, G.; Cossu, G. Social and Behavioral Rhythms as a Marker of Well-being Indicator in Old Adults Living at Home. Preprints 2021, 2021050089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0089.v1). Carta, M.G.; Pintus, E.; Zaccheddu, R.; Callia, O.; Conti, G.; Gonzalez, C.I.A.; Minerba, L.; Demontis, R.; Pau, M.; Cocco, E.; Penna, M.P.; Kalcev, G.; Lorrai, S.; Velluzzi, F.; Lovoselli, A.; Monticone, M.; Massidda, M.V.; Pinna, M.R.; Lorrai, S.; Cauli, A.; Scano, A.; Orrù, G.; Crisafulli, A.; Cosentino, S.; Machado, S.; Fortin, D.; Migliaccio, G.M.; Finco, G.; Cossu, G. Social and Behavioral Rhythms as a Marker of Well-being Indicator in Old Adults Living at Home. Preprints 2021, 2021050089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0089.v1).

Abstract

Social and behavioral rhythms (SBRs) are related to circadian rhythms well known as central points in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorders. The purpose is to verify in elderly people if having functional SBRs correlated with a positive perception of the quality of life (QoL) and health parameters and if there was an association between dysfunctionality of SBRs and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Sample: 141 people aged 65 years (58,9%Female). Each subject was submitted to SBRs Scale (in which higher scores show more dysfunctional SRB); SF-12 for QoL; PHQ-9 for depressive symptoms and underwent blood levels essays including cholesterol and triglyceride. The medical documented lifetime diagnosis including Major Depressive Disorder was taken into account. SBRs Scale score correlated inversely with SF-12 score (r=-0.360, p<0.0001) and positively with PHQ9 (r=0.396, p<0.0001). Lifetime MDD medical diagnosis was associated with a higher score at scale on social rhythms (24.811.9 vs 20.18.0, F=15.848, p<0.0001).The study highlighted, for the first time, that SBRs such as sleep, and nutrition have a role in well-being and that dysregulation of SBRs is related to MDD. Further longitudinal studies with a sufficient number of individuals will have to confirm these data and clarify causal links of the association between QoL and SBRs.

Keywords

Social rhythm; Behavioral rhythm; Well-being; Old adults

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