Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Everything Is A Circle: A New Universal Orbital Model

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2021 / Approved: 26 April 2021 / Online: 26 April 2021 (12:14:51 CEST)

How to cite: Tan, A. Everything Is A Circle: A New Universal Orbital Model. Preprints 2021, 2021040663. Tan, A. Everything Is A Circle: A New Universal Orbital Model. Preprints 2021, 2021040663.


Based on measured astronomical position data of heavenly objects in the Solar System and other planetary systems, all bodies in space seem to move in some kind of elliptical motion with respect to each other. According to Kepler’s 1st Law, “orbit of a planet with respect to the Sun is an ellipse, with the Sun at one of the two foci.” Orbit of the Moon with respect to Earth is also distinctly elliptical, but this ellipse has a varying eccentricity as the Moon comes closer to and goes farther away from the Earth in a harmonic style along a full cycle of this ellipse. In this paper, our research results are summarized, where it is first mathematically shown that the “distance between points around any two different circles in three dimensional space” is equivalent to the “distance of points around a vector ellipse to another fixed or moving point, as in two dimensional space”. What is done is equivalent to showing that bodies moving on two different circular orbits in space vector wise behave as if moving on an elliptical path with respect to each other, and virtually seeing each other as positioned at an instantaneously stationary point in space on their relative ecliptic plane, whether they are moving with the same angular velocity, or different but fixed angular velocities, or even with different and changing angular velocities with respect to their own centers of revolution. This mathematical revelation has the potential to lead to far reaching discoveries in physics, enabling more insight into forces of nature, with a formulation of a new fundamental model regarding the motions of bodies in the Universe, including the Sun, Planets, and Satellites in the Solar System and elsewhere, as well as at particle and subatomic level. Based on the demonstrated mathematical analysis, as they exhibit almost fixed elliptic orbits relative to one another over time, the assertion is made that the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon must each be revolving in their individual circular orbits of revolution in space. With this expectation, individual orbital parameters of the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon are calculated based on observed Earth to Sun and Earth to Moon distance data, also using analytical methods developed as part of this research to an approximation. This calculation and analysis process have revealed additional results aligned with observation, and this also supports our assertion that the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon must actually be revolving in individual circular orbits.

Supplementary and Associated Material Book: "Everything Is A Circle: A New Model For Orbits Of Bodies In The Universe"


Solar System, Planetary System, Planet, Satellite, Sun, Earth, Moon, Topology, Circle, Ellipse, Orbit, Trajectory, Orbital Mechanics


Physical Sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics

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