Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mechanical Characterization of Two Blends PP+PA6+EPDM. Part 2. Results of Tensile Tests

Version 1 : Received: 20 April 2021 / Approved: 22 April 2021 / Online: 22 April 2021 (09:26:27 CEST)

How to cite: Ojoc, G.G.; Titire, L.C.; Musteață, A.M.; Boțan, M.; Cristea, G.C.; Deleanu, L. Mechanical Characterization of Two Blends PP+PA6+EPDM. Part 2. Results of Tensile Tests. Preprints 2021, 2021040599 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0599.v1). Ojoc, G.G.; Titire, L.C.; Musteață, A.M.; Boțan, M.; Cristea, G.C.; Deleanu, L. Mechanical Characterization of Two Blends PP+PA6+EPDM. Part 2. Results of Tensile Tests. Preprints 2021, 2021040599 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0599.v1).

Abstract

This paper presents the values of several mechanical characteristics for two blends: H (60% PP + 12% PA6 + 8% EPDM + 20% Polybond 3200) and G (20% PP + 42% PA6 + 28% EPDM + 10% Polybond 3200) (%wt), comparing them to those of PP (polypropylene) and PA6 (polyamide 6). The adding of EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber) and Polybond 3200 help reducing the disadvantages of simple blends made of PP+PA6, when the PA6 concentration allows for having a PA6 matrix with droplets of PP. SEM analysis helps for understanding the performance of material G as compared to the neat polymers. EDX analysis proved that there was a matrix inversion, material H having a PP matrix and material G a matrix made of PA6 with droplets of PP. Strain at break for PP and material H were proved to be insensitive to test speed, but materials G and PA6 had large value for strain at break and energy at break for v = 10 mm/min. Taking at basis the values for polyamide 6 (PA6), material G has greater values for energy at break: with 97.8% for v = 10 mm/min, with 29.5% for v= 250 mm/min and with 98% for 1000 mm/min, without exhibiting the micro and macro cavitation of PA6. This means that the recipe, the technology and the mechanical characteristics make material G a potential candidate for applications where a low and moderate impact resistant material is required.

Subject Areas

polyamide 6, polypropylene, blend, EPDM, mechanical characteristic, energy at break

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