Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessing the Impact of Obesity on Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes among Saudi Women

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2021 / Approved: 20 April 2021 / Online: 20 April 2021 (11:50:24 CEST)

How to cite: Adwani, N.; Fouly, H.; Omer, T. Assessing the Impact of Obesity on Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes among Saudi Women. Preprints 2021, 2021040537 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0537.v1). Adwani, N.; Fouly, H.; Omer, T. Assessing the Impact of Obesity on Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes among Saudi Women. Preprints 2021, 2021040537 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0537.v1).

Abstract

Background: The rising prevalence of obesity has a significant impact on obstetrics practice regarding maternal and perinatal complications includes recurrent miscarriage, pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and prolonged labor. Objective: To assess the impact of obesity on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among Saudi women. Methods: The study was conducted at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Jeddah. Design: A cross-sectional retrospective design. A total number of 186 participants were recruited from July to Dec.2018 according to eligibility criteria. The data were collected retrospectively by a review of the chart records of the labor and delivery department. Results: The mean (SD) age of participants was 31.94(5.67) years old; two-thirds were in obesity class1. There was a significant association between obesity and pre-existing thyroid disease and induced hypertension class3. However, episiotomy showed that obesity class3 was significantly different from obesity class2. Conclusion: This study concludes obesity affects the outcomes of pregnant Saudi associations between obesity and preeclampsia, perineal tears, and episiotomy variables, and other variables reflect no associations. Recommendations: Further studies are needed to generalize the results. This study endorses the pregnant women start the antenatal follow-up from 1st trimester so, the data will be available on the system for research.

Keywords

Obesity; BMI; maternal outcomes; neonatal outcomes.

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