Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effects of Media and Frame Rates on Hyperactivated Bovine Sperm Motility and an Analysis of Sperm Motility Subpopulation Structures in Sex-Sorted and Non-Sorted Semen

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (12:08:43 CEST)

How to cite: Kanno, C.; Kang, S.; Sakamoto, K.Q.; Yanagawa, Y.; Katagiri, S.; Nagano, M. Effects of Media and Frame Rates on Hyperactivated Bovine Sperm Motility and an Analysis of Sperm Motility Subpopulation Structures in Sex-Sorted and Non-Sorted Semen. Preprints 2021, 2021040108 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0108.v1). Kanno, C.; Kang, S.; Sakamoto, K.Q.; Yanagawa, Y.; Katagiri, S.; Nagano, M. Effects of Media and Frame Rates on Hyperactivated Bovine Sperm Motility and an Analysis of Sperm Motility Subpopulation Structures in Sex-Sorted and Non-Sorted Semen. Preprints 2021, 2021040108 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0108.v1).

Abstract

We attempted to establish an objective method to accurately evaluate the motility of bull sperm and examined the effects of media for sperm suspensions and frame rates on data of computer-assisted sperm motility analysis (CASA). Sperm incubated in Brackett and Oliphant medium (BO) more clearly showed hyperactivation-like motility than those in synthetic oviductal fluid. Sperm images captured at 150 frames per second (fps) showed a trajectory that was closer to the real pathway than those at other frame rates (30, 50, and 75 fps). We then examined the characteristics of sex-sorted and non-sorted semen using a cluster analysis followed by a discriminant analysis of sperm motility in BO at 150 fps. The results indicated that sex-sorted semen contained sperm with hyperactivation-like motility as the main subpopulation immediately after thawing and this subpopulation decreased after 2-h incubation. The main subpopulation in non-sorted semen had progressive motility that was maintained during incubation. In conclusion, usage of BO for sperm suspensions and capturing sperm motility at 150 fps by CASA were appropriate for evaluating bovine sperm motility. A discriminant analysis using data from a cluster analysis of motile sperm has the ability to accurately describe differences in the structures of sperm motility subpopulations.

Keywords

Capacitation; Computer-assisted sperm analysis; Hyperactivation; Sex-sorted semen; Sperm motility subpopulation

Subject

BIOLOGY, Anatomy & Morphology

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