Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

High Concentration of Heavy Metal and Metalloid Levels in Edible Campomanesia adamantium Pulp from Anthropic Areas

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (10:21:30 CEST)

How to cite: Machate, D.J.; Melo, E.S.P.; Arakaki, D.G.; Guimarães, R.D.C.A.; Hiane, P.A.; Bogo, D.; Pott, A.; Nascimento, V.A.D. High Concentration of Heavy Metal and Metalloid Levels in Edible Campomanesia adamantium Pulp from Anthropic Areas. Preprints 2021, 2021040089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0089.v1). Machate, D.J.; Melo, E.S.P.; Arakaki, D.G.; Guimarães, R.D.C.A.; Hiane, P.A.; Bogo, D.; Pott, A.; Nascimento, V.A.D. High Concentration of Heavy Metal and Metalloid Levels in Edible Campomanesia adamantium Pulp from Anthropic Areas. Preprints 2021, 2021040089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0089.v1).

Abstract

This study aimed to quantify the extent of heavy metal, non-metal and metalloid level of Campomanesia adamantium pulp obtained from area crossed by road of the high large vehicle traffic and intensive agriculture modern farm, and for monitoring the health risks associated with pulp human consumption. For this purpose, three spots located between this area, ripe fruits were collected in roadside, bush and margin-farm. Pulp samples were digested by microwave-assisted equipment, and mineral elements were quantified by ICP OES. The mineral elements average demonstrated no statistical difference observed between this pulp (p > 0.05). The heavy metals and metalloid concentrations that exceeded FAO/WHO standards are ordered Pb > As > Mo > Co > Ni > Mn > Cr. Therefore, among these metalloid and heavy metals, As, Pb and Cr were found higher in farm-margin > roadside > bush (1.5 × 10-3, 1.1 × 10-3 and 6.2 × 10-4) respectively. Therefore, As is the most important metalloid with higher levels in farm-margin, roadside and bush (1.5 × 10-3, 1.1 × 10-3 and 6.2 × 10-4 > 10-6–10-4 and 3.33, 2.30 and 1.34 > 1) respectively, to total cancer risk and hazard quotient, if 100 g daily of pulp are consumed.

Keywords

Cerrado; Myrtaceae; edible fruit; farm-margin; roadside; macro- and microelements; health risk.

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