Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A New Cosmological Model Based on Quantization of the Zero-point Field

Version 1 : Received: 30 March 2021 / Approved: 30 March 2021 / Online: 30 March 2021 (13:45:16 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 September 2021 / Approved: 20 September 2021 / Online: 20 September 2021 (15:14:45 CEST)

How to cite: Dikshit, B. A New Cosmological Model Based on Quantization of the Zero-point Field . Preprints 2021, 2021030741 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0741.v2). Dikshit, B. A New Cosmological Model Based on Quantization of the Zero-point Field . Preprints 2021, 2021030741 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0741.v2).

Abstract

Cosmic inflation has presented solutions for a number of important cosmological problems, yet left some unanswered. In this paper, we present a cosmological model based on the quantization of the zero-point field which is consistent with empirical data, requires fewer assumptions, and presents answers to some of those unanswered questions. A comparison between standard cosmology and the theory presented in this paper is given below. Vacuum energy density: Standard inflationary model needs both Hubble’s constant and Matter density to estimate it. But, new cosmological model needs only Hubble’s constant. Non-vacuum energy density: Standard model can’t predict it. But, the new model can predict using only Hubble’s constant. Ratio of vacuum energy to total energy: Standard model can’t predict it. But, new model can predict it, that too without using Hubble’s constant. Energy conservation: In standard model, total energy is not conserved before inflation. But, in the new model, energy is conserved right from beginning of the universe whose net energy (including gravitational potential energy) is always zero. Flatness and homogeneity: Standard model needs Inflaton field with a specific potential energy distribution to explain it. But, new model doesn’t need any such hypothetical field, just the zero-point field is sufficient. Based on the new cosmological model, in the conclusion, realistic possibility for existence of multiverse and a mechanism for end of universe are discussed.

Keywords

Cosmological constant problem; Cosmic coincidence problem; Energy conservation; Dark energy; Flatness problem; Horizon problem; Multiverse

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 20 September 2021
Commenter: Biswaranjan Dikshit
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: 1. Title and abstract are changed to identify the most important findings of the paper.
2. Based on the new cosmological model, two paragraphs on realistic possibility for existence of multiverse and a mechanism for end of universe are added in the conclusion.
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