Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Role of the Non-Canonical RNAi Pathway in the Antifungal Resistance and Virulence of Mucorales

Version 1 : Received: 29 March 2021 / Approved: 30 March 2021 / Online: 30 March 2021 (09:37:39 CEST)

How to cite: Cánovas-Márquez, J.T.; Navarro-Mendoza, M.I.; Pérez-Arques, C.; Lax, C.; Tahiri, G.; Pérez-Ruiz1, J.A.; Lorenzo-Gutiérrez, D.; Calo, S.; López-García, S.; Navarro, E.; Nicolás, F.E.; Garre, V.; Murcia-Flores, L. Role of the Non-Canonical RNAi Pathway in the Antifungal Resistance and Virulence of Mucorales. Preprints 2021, 2021030717 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0717.v1). Cánovas-Márquez, J.T.; Navarro-Mendoza, M.I.; Pérez-Arques, C.; Lax, C.; Tahiri, G.; Pérez-Ruiz1, J.A.; Lorenzo-Gutiérrez, D.; Calo, S.; López-García, S.; Navarro, E.; Nicolás, F.E.; Garre, V.; Murcia-Flores, L. Role of the Non-Canonical RNAi Pathway in the Antifungal Resistance and Virulence of Mucorales. Preprints 2021, 2021030717 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0717.v1).

Abstract

Mucorales are the causal agents for the lethal disease known as mucormycosis. Mortality rates of mucormycosis can reach up to 90%, due to the mucoralean antifungal drug resistance and the lack of effective therapies. A concerning urgency among the medical and scientific community claims to find targets for the development of new treatments. Here, we reviewed different studies de-scribing the role and machinery of a novel non-canonical RNAi pathway (NCRIP) only conserved in Mucorales. Its non-canonical features are the independence of Dicer and Argonautes proteins. Conversely, NCRIP relies on RNA-dependent RNA Polymerases and an atypical ribonuclease III (RNaseIII). NCRIP regulates the expression of mRNAs by degrading them in a specific manner. Its mechanism binds dsRNA but only cuts ssRNA. NCRIP exhibits a diversity of functional roles. It represses the epimutational pathway and the lack of NCRIP increases the generation of drug resistant strains. NCRIP also regulates the control of retrotransposons expression, playing an essential role in genome stability. Finally, NCRIP regulates the response during phagocytosis, affecting the multifactorial process of virulence. These critical NCRIP roles in virulence and antifungal drug resistance, along with its exclusive presence in Mucorales, mark this pathway as a promising target to fight against mucormycosis.

Subject Areas

virulence; antifungal resistance; non-canonical RNAi; epimutant; R3B2; RdRP; transposon; genome stability; Mucorales; mucormycosis.

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