Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Machine Learning Approach for the Tune Estimation in the LHC

Version 1 : Received: 23 March 2021 / Approved: 24 March 2021 / Online: 24 March 2021 (16:53:31 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Grech, L.; Valentino, G.; Alves, D. A Machine Learning Approach for the Tune Estimation in the LHC. Information 2021, 12, 197. Grech, L.; Valentino, G.; Alves, D. A Machine Learning Approach for the Tune Estimation in the LHC. Information 2021, 12, 197.

Journal reference: Information 2021, 12, 197
DOI: 10.3390/info12050197

Abstract

The betatron tune in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is measured using a Base-Band Tune (BBQ) system. The processing of these BBQ signals is often perturbed by 50 Hz noise harmonics present in the beam. This causes the tune measurement algorithm, currently based on peak detection, to provide incorrect tune estimates during the acceleration cycle with values that oscillate between neighbouring harmonics. The LHC tune feedback (QFB) cannot be used to its full extent in these conditions as it relies on stable and reliable tune estimates. In this work we propose new tune estimation algorithms, designed to mitigate this problem through different techniques. As ground-truth of the real tune measurement does not exist, we developed a surrogate model, which allowed us to perform a comparative analysis of a simple weighted moving average, Gaussian Processes and different deep learning techniques. The simulated dataset used to train the deep models was also improved using a variant of Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) called SimGAN. In addition we demonstrate how these methods perform with respect to the present tune estimation algorithm.

Keywords

LHC; betatron tune; deep learning; SimGANs

Subject

MATHEMATICS & COMPUTER SCIENCE, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.