Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Preliminary Psychometric Assessment of The Attitude of Health Trainee Undergraduate Students towards Breast - Self Examination in Ghana

Version 1 : Received: 8 March 2021 / Approved: 9 March 2021 / Online: 9 March 2021 (09:52:45 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 8 June 2021 / Approved: 9 June 2021 / Online: 9 June 2021 (10:28:42 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Amoah, C., Somhlaba, N. Z. Addo, F.M., Ansah, E. O. A & Amoah, B. (2021). A Preliminary Psychometric Assessment of the Attitude of Health Trainee Undergraduate Students towards Breast - Self Examination in Ghana. All Nations University Journal of Applied Thought (ANUJAT), 8(2):95-110. All Nations University Press. doi:http://doi.org/10.47987/OAPW3818Available at: http://anujat.anuc.edu.gh/Vol8/No2/7.pdf Amoah, C., Somhlaba, N. Z. Addo, F.M., Ansah, E. O. A & Amoah, B. (2021). A Preliminary Psychometric Assessment of the Attitude of Health Trainee Undergraduate Students towards Breast - Self Examination in Ghana. All Nations University Journal of Applied Thought (ANUJAT), 8(2):95-110. All Nations University Press. doi:http://doi.org/10.47987/OAPW3818Available at: http://anujat.anuc.edu.gh/Vol8/No2/7.pdf

Journal reference: ALL NATIONS UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF APPLIED THOUGHT (ANUJAT) 2021, 8, 7
DOI: 10.47987/OAPW3818

Abstract

Breast self-Examination (BSE) is the cheapest most recommended Breast Cancer (BC) preventive tool for resource-deprived settings. There is paucity in the attitude research domain and comparative gender assessments of the BSE knowledge, attitude and performance (KAP) literature. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the combined and exclusive gender BSE attitude of undergraduate health trainees and to determine significant differences between scores of both genders. Methodology: participants included 5 undergraduate health trainee classes purposively sampled from 2 faculties. Online cross-sectional method was used to assess BSE attitude of 336 purposively sampled Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and technology (KNUST) College of Health Sciences (CoHS) students. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Main findings: Compared to the construction groups’ average norm of 101.17 (SD = 9.55), our study participants’ (SPs) BSE attitude was lower (92.51; SD = 11.80). However, using popular mid-point and 3- part attitude scoring methods, our SPs’ attitude scores were comparable to sub-regional and national findings. Moreover,the male participants scored a generally high BSE attitude but significantly lower compared to their female counterparts (p < 0.5). Recommendations: There is the need to adjust the curriculum of all health trainees in developing nations to reflect relevant BC preventive measures. Furthermore, BSE research, education as well as advocacy should involve more males as important BC BSE stake holders.

Keywords

Psychometric Assessment; Attitude; Breast Self- Examination; Tertiary; Health Trainee; Undergraduate Students, Ghana

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 9 June 2021
Commenter: Christian Amoah
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: We restructured the abstract,
Summarized the introduction to from 4 pages to 2 ½ with clearly defined problem statement restated the objectives with hypothesis (3rd),
edited poor citations in paper,
restructured the results section by removing unnecessary comments,
and details restructured tables with numbers and titles on top and source of data (Researcher’s construct) underneath,
proof read, checked grammar and removed all capital letters.
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