Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Gender and Socio-Economic Issues in the Clinical Assessment of Orthopaedic Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Version 1 : Received: 28 February 2021 / Approved: 2 March 2021 / Online: 2 March 2021 (12:34:50 CET)

How to cite: Moretti, L.; Bizzoca, D.; Vitale, E.; Delmedico, M.; Spinarelli, A.; Azzola, F.; Solarino, G.; Moretti, B. Gender and Socio-Economic Issues in the Clinical Assessment of Orthopaedic Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Preprints 2021, 2021030089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0089.v1). Moretti, L.; Bizzoca, D.; Vitale, E.; Delmedico, M.; Spinarelli, A.; Azzola, F.; Solarino, G.; Moretti, B. Gender and Socio-Economic Issues in the Clinical Assessment of Orthopaedic Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Preprints 2021, 2021030089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0089.v1).

Abstract

This observational study aims to depict the impact of gender and socio-economic issues on the health status of Italian Orthopaedic patients during the COVID-19 lockdown. An Ad Hoc ques-tionnaire was developed and online administered. The following data were extracted from the questionnaire: age, body mass index (BMI), education level, distance from hospital, orthopaedic disease, concomitant medical comorbidities, living status (with/without cohabitants) and physical activity level (according to Tegner Activity Scale). The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown was studied analyzing differences related to the above-mentioned parameters. A significant increase of the call number to general practitioner and to the orthopaedic surgeon was observed during the COVID-lockdown, especially in patients with higher education level. Nonetheless, a reduced compliance in drugs assumption was observed in patients with higher education level during lockdown (p=0.007). Almost all the analyzed items were significantly in-fluenced by the distance between patient’s domicile and the nearest hospital. However, no sig-nificant differences were observed comparing pre-COVID to COVID lockdown. In the present study patients’ gender and education level revealed a significant impact on the social behavior during the COVID lockdown, compared with the pre-COVID period.

Subject Areas

Covid-19 perception; general well-being; orthopaedic patients; gender; pandemic; socio-economic issues.

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