Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effects of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) Inoculation on Growth, Yield, and Grain Nutrient Uptake of Two Teff Varieties Under Greenhouse Condition

Version 1 : Received: 23 February 2021 / Approved: 2 March 2021 / Online: 2 March 2021 (09:10:51 CET)

How to cite: Tsegaye, Z.; Bekele, D.; Chaniyalew, S.; Feleke, A.; Alemu, T.; Assefa, F. The Effects of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) Inoculation on Growth, Yield, and Grain Nutrient Uptake of Two Teff Varieties Under Greenhouse Condition. Preprints 2021, 2021030046 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0046.v1). Tsegaye, Z.; Bekele, D.; Chaniyalew, S.; Feleke, A.; Alemu, T.; Assefa, F. The Effects of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) Inoculation on Growth, Yield, and Grain Nutrient Uptake of Two Teff Varieties Under Greenhouse Condition. Preprints 2021, 2021030046 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0046.v1).

Abstract

Application of native PGPR as bio inoculant is an alternative sustainable agricultural practice to enhance crop productivity, grain quality, and soil fertility. In this view, a study was to examine the effect of either individual or consortium PGPR inoculation on growth, yield, and grain nutrient uptake of two teff varieties. The pot experiment was carried out in (CRD) three replication and 10 treatments. The PGPR inoculants used in this study were Pseudomonas fluorescens biotype G, Enterobacter cloacae ss disolvens, and Serratia marcescens ss marcescen and their consortium. Dukem and Magna varieties were used in this study. The results of the analysis of variance showed significant differences (P ≤ 0.001) among the treatment and most of the agronomic traits except number of fertile tillers and also significant different (P ≤ 0.01) for grain P and N uptake. The variety was significantly affected grain Mg, Zn and Fe uptake at 5 % probability level and did not significantly influence all agronomic traits of the two varieties. Furthermore, interaction effects of two factors (TM*VT) were significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) for plant height and panicle length. Individual treatments mean comparison results showed that inoculation of native PGPR consortium significantly affected most of the PGP traits at (P ≤ 0.05). The maximum traits like plant height (189cm), panicle length (66.7cm), shoot dry biomass (9.98g), root dry biomass (2.90g) and grain yield per plant (4.55g) were observed from Dz-01-196. It could be concluded that the consortium of native PGPR inoculants for plant growth, yield and grain nutrient uptake improvement performed better than their individual strain.

Keywords

Bio-inoculants; Consortium; Treatment; PGPB

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