Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Proposition of a Novel Strategy for Creation of Entirely New Proteins

Version 1 : Received: 27 February 2021 / Approved: 1 March 2021 / Online: 1 March 2021 (12:41:07 CET)

How to cite: Ikehara, K. Proposition of a Novel Strategy for Creation of Entirely New Proteins. Preprints 2021, 2021030003 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0003.v1). Ikehara, K. Proposition of a Novel Strategy for Creation of Entirely New Proteins. Preprints 2021, 2021030003 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0003.v1).

Abstract

Proteins having a variety of functions play many essential roles in maintaining various life activities in organisms. Various methods, by which new protein functions can be artificially produced, have progressed rapidly upon development in recombinant DNA technology and effective screening techniques. However, the obtainable scope of the new functions has been restricted in a narrow range, because only functions of presently existing proteins can be used. On the other hand, it has been considered that it would be impossible to create an entirely new protein, which does not show any meaningful homology with any other amino acid sequences of previously existing proteins. The reason is because one amino acid sequence for a protein cannot be selected out from an extraordinary large amino acid sequence diversity as ~10130. As a matter of course, it is impossible to design an amino acid sequence of a protein in advance and a gene encoding the protein cannot be also formed through random process. Nevertheless, extant organisms have generated a variety of entirely new proteins in some way to make full use of them. This means that extant organisms have equipped a mechanism with which entirely new proteins can be produced under the present core life system composed of protein, tRNA (genetic code) and gene. In this article, first I introduce the mechanism, with which entirely new proteins are created in extant organisms, and further propose a novel strategy for application of the mechanism to protein engineering through creation of entirely new proteins, which could contribute to development of various industries.

Keywords

protein engineering; creation of an entirely new protein; pluripotency of an immature protein; GC-NSF(a) hypothesis; protein 0th-order structure; origin of protein

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