Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Vision-Based Deep Learning Algorithm for Detecting Potholes

Version 1 : Received: 24 February 2021 / Approved: 25 February 2021 / Online: 25 February 2021 (10:00:59 CET)

How to cite: Gajjar, K.; Niekerk, T.V.; Wilm, T.; Mercorelli, P. Vision-Based Deep Learning Algorithm for Detecting Potholes. Preprints 2021, 2021020569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0569.v1). Gajjar, K.; Niekerk, T.V.; Wilm, T.; Mercorelli, P. Vision-Based Deep Learning Algorithm for Detecting Potholes. Preprints 2021, 2021020569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0569.v1).

Abstract

Potholes on roads pose a major threat to motorists and autonomous vehicles. Driving over a pothole has the potential to cause serious damage to a vehicle, which in turn may result in fatal accidents. Currently, many pothole detection methods exist. However, these methods do not utilize deep learning techniques to detect a pothole in real-time, determine the location thereof and display its location on a map. The success of determining an effective pothole detection method, which includes the aforementioned deep learning techniques, is dependent on acquiring a large amount of data, including images of potholes. Once adequate data had been gathered, the images were processed and annotated. The next step was to determine which deep learning algorithms could be utilized. Three different models, including Faster R-CNN, SSD and YOLOv3 were trained on the custom dataset containing images of potholes to determine which network produces the best results for real-time detection. It was revealed that YOLOv3 produced the most accurate results and performed the best in real-time, with an average detection time of only 0.836s per image. The final results revealed that a real-time pothole detection system, integrated with a cloud and maps service, can be created to allow drivers to avoid potholes.

Keywords

CNN; Faster R-CNN; SSD and YOLOv3

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