Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Comparing Psychopathy Traits and Behavioral Inhibition Among Smoker and Non-Smoker Teenage Students

Version 1 : Received: 9 February 2021 / Approved: 10 February 2021 / Online: 10 February 2021 (16:19:52 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 10 February 2021 / Approved: 11 February 2021 / Online: 11 February 2021 (13:32:51 CET)

How to cite: Marandizadehshirvan, N.; Rafieinia, P.; Tabatabaee, S.M. Comparing Psychopathy Traits and Behavioral Inhibition Among Smoker and Non-Smoker Teenage Students. Preprints 2021, 2021020267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0267.v2). Marandizadehshirvan, N.; Rafieinia, P.; Tabatabaee, S.M. Comparing Psychopathy Traits and Behavioral Inhibition Among Smoker and Non-Smoker Teenage Students. Preprints 2021, 2021020267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0267.v2).

Abstract

Aims: Adolescence is a critical period because the brain is involved in the process of maturation that entails cognitive functions. On the way of maturation, an individual’s inhibitory control undergoes many changes and becomes vulnerable to different thrill-seeking like smoking, drinking, and so on. Smoking is highly prevalent among teenagers that are trying to take control of their behaviors in order to join society. They experience antisocial behavior too which is a trait that can lead adolescents to addiction. This trait is an inevitable part of psychopathy. Inhibitory deficits and psychopathy have been widely reported in addiction studies. The current study tried to investigate the relationship between psychopathic traits and behavioral inhibition between male smokers and non-smoker teenage students.Materials & Methods: Statistical sample of this research is 62 teenage students aged 17 years that are divided into smoker and non-smoker groups. The participants have been chosen through random sampling from the population of 10 high schools. The data have been gathered in Kordkoy and Gorgan in Golestan province. Behavioral bias has been measured by Go/NoGo task and psychopathic traits through youth psychopathic traits inventory. Also, the short form of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale test has been executed and used as a control variable.Findings: A meaningful difference has been found between the performance of smoker and non-smoker groups in Go/No Go task and psychopathic traits that are smokers performed weaker in comparison with non-smokers and psychopathic traits of smokers were meaningfully higher than non-smokers. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between these two groups in their Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale scores.Conclusion: The results have shown that smokers have higher psychopathic traits and lower behavioral inhibition when compared with their non-smoker peers. According to the results of current research, smoking can decline the cognitive functions.

Subject Areas

response inhibition; behavioral inhibition; psychopathy traits; Go/NoGo task; smokers

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 11 February 2021
Commenter: Navazesh Marandizadehshirvan
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: co authors added
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