Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Experiences from City Scale Simulation of Thermal Grids

Version 1 : Received: 13 January 2021 / Approved: 15 January 2021 / Online: 15 January 2021 (13:21:41 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: Resources 2021, 10, 10
DOI: 10.3390/resources10020010


Dynamic simulation of district heating and cooling networks has an increased importance in the transition towards renewable energy sources and lower temperature district heating grids, as both temporal and spatial behavior need to be considered. Even though a lot and research and development has been performed in the field, there are several pitfalls and challenges towards dynamic district heating and cooling simulation for everyday use. This article presents the experiences from working with district heating and cooling projects, along with relevant research, corresponding research gaps and proposed research directions.


Digital twin; Simulation; District heating; District cooling; 4GDH; DHC


ENGINEERING, Automotive Engineering

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